Practice Test

1) Dental formula of adult man is

2) In colon, constructions of its wall form a series of smell pockets called

3) pH of stomach in human is bout -

4) Number of teeth which are monophyodont in man is -

5) The cells of the epithelial lining in the vertebrate stomach are not damaged by HCl because of -

6) The structure which prevents entry of food into wind pipe during swallowing in mammals is -

7) Which of the following is a common passage in swallowing food and breathing -

8) The hardest constituent of the tooth is -

9) Types of teeth in human -

10) Posterior part of soft palate, hangs down in pharynx, called-

11) Nasal chambers and buccal cavity are seperated by -

12) Cheek teeth are -

13) Presence of water amount in enamel cell is -

14) Peyer's patches produce -

15) Duodenum has characteristic Brunner's glands which secrete -

16) Brunner's glands are found in which of the following layers :

17) The crypts of lieberkuhn secret :

18) Brunner's glands are located in :

19) Crypts of Lieber kuhn are present in :

20) ASSERTION (A) : Thick layers of muscles are present in the wall of alimentary canal.
REASON (R) : These muscles help in the mixing of food materials with the enzymes coming from different glands in the alimentary canal.

21) Islets of langerhans ___ and are found in ___ .

22) Ptyalin is secreted by ___ and work in ___ medium.

23) In pancreas, pancreatic juice and hormone are secreted by -

24) largest gland of body -

25) Insulin is secreted by pancreatic cells -

26) Which substance of saliva destroy the harmful bacteria -

27) Which of the following is not a function of liver -

28) The glucose is converted into glycogen in liver and stored in :

29) Kupffer cells are found in :

30) The major site of protein breakdown to form free amino acids, is in the

31) Bilirubin and bilividrin are found in -

32) Casien present in milk, which is -

33) Amylase enzyme acts on the -

34) The digestion of cellulose in rabbit and other herbivorous mammals takes place in -

35) Peristaltic movements found in different parts of alimentary canal in which one of these there is least peristalsis -

36) Milk protein is curdled into calcium paracaesinate by -

37) The enzyme invertase hydrolase -

38) Trypsin is secreted by -

39) Proteins are broken down into amino acids in -

40) Herbivorous animals can digest cellulose because

41) Digestion of carbohydrate is affected by

42) Ptyalin cannot work in stomach, because it becomes -

43) What is the important function of bile -

44) Some proteolytic enzymes are -

45) Bacteria entering with contaminated food are killed in stomach by -

46) Chymotrypsin is -

47) Emulsification of fats by bile takes place in -

48) Amino acids are absorbed in -

49) Absorption of digested food chiefly occurs in -

50) Excess amino acids are deaminated & converted into urea in -

51) ___ is the instant source of energy

52) Fats are absorbed in ____

53) Removal of waste from body in the form of undigested food is called

54) Kwashiorkar disease is due to deficiency of :

55) Continued consumption of a diet rich in butter, red meat and eggs for a long period may lead to :

56) Marasmus disease is caused due to :

57) Food is one of the basic requirement of all living organisms. The major component of our food are carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Food provides energy and organic materials for growth and repair of tissues. Deficiency of food will lead to protein energy malnutrition (PEM).
Which of the following disease is characterized by PEM ?
(a) Marasmus with changes in hair
(b) Kwashoorkar with wasted muscles
(c) Marasmus with old man's face
(d) Marasmus with oedema.

58) Balanced diet is diet rich in carbohydrates, mild in protein and low fats with essential vitamins and minerals. Deficiency of proteins in diet of a children between age group of 1 to 3 will not lead of following symptoms.

59) Hypemutrition of which one of the following will read to itching rashes :

60) Brownish discolouration of teeth is due to :

61) Deficiency of vitamin A causes -

62) Scurvy is a disease caused by -

63) Vitamin necessary for blood clotting -

64) Vit - K is required for -

65) Beri-Beri is caused due to -

66) Ascorbic acid is the -

67) Vit A from carotene is synthesized in -

68) Vitamin promoting wound healing is -

69) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of Vitamin

70) In which animal tongue control the temperature -

71) Enamel of teeth is secreted by :

72) Dental formula of adolescent human being before seventeen year :

73) How many teeth in man grows twice in life :

74) In human teeth, which help in cutting

75) Carnasial teeth are modified for :

76) Pulp cavity of teeth is lined by :

77) The longitudinal muscular folds of inner wall of stomach are called :

78) Glisson's capsule is associated with :

79) Identify the false statement :

80) Identify the false statement :

81) In mammals the teeth are (a) of different types
(b) embedded in the cuplike socket in the jaw bones
(c) only two sets, present throughout life
The condition are referred as :

82) Gall bladder is found :

83) bile can be prevented to release into the duodenum by :

84) It is a correct dental formula for the child falling under age group 5-6 years :

85) Enzyme present in saliva is :

86) maximum digestion of food take place in -

87) Absent of which of these in bile will make fat digestion difficult -

88) Pancreatic juice is released into -

89) The three secretions meeting the food in small intestine are -

90) Which one of the following hormone inhibits the secretion of gastric juice -

91) The enzyme that catalyse the changing of emulsified oils to fatty acids and glycerol is -

92) Point out the odd one -

93) Which one is not an enzyme of digestive system

94) Secretin stimulates the production of

95) The cells in the wall of intestine are stimulated to produce secretin by -

96) Pancreatic lipase acts upon -

97) Amount of fat increases in the body due to excess intake of -

98) Bile is formed in -

99) Cholecystokinin is secretion of

100) Enzyme trypsinogen is changed to trypsin by -

101) Castle's intrinsic factor is connected with internal absorption of

102) Aminopeptidase, a digestive enzyme produces -

103) Highest BMW occurs in -

104) Maximum number of enzymes occur in -

105) Cholesterol is synthesized in -

106) Excessive intake of alcohol caused -

107) Rennin acts on -

108) Inhibition of gastric and stimulation of gastric, pancreatic and bile secretion are controlled by -

109) Muscular contraction of Alimentary canal are -

110) Hormone which control the secretion of intestinal juice is -

111) Human is unable to digest dietary -

112) Pepsinogen is converted to pepsin by -

113) Mucus is secreted by the -

114) Cephalic phase of gastric secretion is mediated by

115) Lactose composed of :

116) Which of the following stimulates the secretion of gastric juice ?

117) If for some reason the parietal cells of the gut epithelium become partially non-functional, what is likely to happen ?

118) In stomach after physical and chemical digestion food is called :

119) A person who is eating rice, his food contains

120) In mammals milk is digested by action of -

121) Hydrolytic enzymes which does not act on low pH are called as :

122) A rabbit eats a lot of gram. Then its digestion starts in -

123) Which of the following is a dissacharide :

124) If all the peptide bonds of protein are broken, then the remaining part is -

125) Hydrolysis of lipid yields -

126) Which of the following vessel in rabbit starts with capillaries and ends in capillaries :

127) Glucose and galactose unite to form

128) Injury to vagus nerve in humans is not likely to affect -

129) Gastric enzyme pepsin reacts only in acidic medium with in a limited pH concentration. It varies:

130) Stomach in vertebrates is the main site for digestion of :

131) The chief function of bile is to :

132) The toxic substance are detoxicated in the human body by -

133) Function of HCl in stomach is to-

134) The end product of carbohydrate metabolism is :

135) In rabbit, the digestion of cellulose takes place in

136) The muscular contraction in the alimentary canal is known as :

137) End products of protein hydrolysis are :

138) Ptyalin is an enzyme of

139) The hormone 'secretin' stimulates secretion of

140) This gastrointestinal hormone stimulates insulin secretion

141) Enterogastrone is present in :

142) Secretion of gastric juice is controlled by

143) Succus entericus is also called :

144) Just as hydrochloric acid is for pepsinogen, so is the

145) What is the function of globlet cells :

146) Where the lysozymes are found :

147) The hormone which lowers the secretion of hydrochloric acid and gastric juice is :

148) Which of the following is different from others :

149) Trypsin differs from pepsin because it digests :

150) Pancreatic juice is

151) Bilirubin and Biliverdin are present in :

152) The amount of gastric juice secreted per day from man's stomach is about :

153) The function of enterogasterone hormone is :

154) What is the common passage for bile and pancreatic juices

155) Pepsinogen is secreted from :

156) Cells of pancreas is not digested by their own enzymes because :

157) Secretin :

158) In horses, rabbits, hares, the cellulose get digested in :-

159) Bile salts help in :-

160) Digestion of protein is completed in :

161) Enterogastrone is :

162) Part of bile juice useuful in digestion is :

163) Bile secretion is proportional to the concentration of :

164) Secretion of pancreatic is stimulated by :

165) from which of the following pespin is secreted :

166) Secretin hormone stimulates :

167) PH of gastric juice is :

168) Which of the following hormone helps in secretion of HCL from stomach ?

169) pancreatic juice contain bicarbonate which is secreted by :

170) Which of the following hormones help in contraction of gall bladder ?

171) Which part of body secretes the hormone secretin ?

172) Carbohydrate digestion occurs first in which structure ?

173) Enzyme pepsin acts in :

174) Bile secretion is propotional to the concentration of :

175) Secretion of pancreatic juice is stimulated by :

176) Digestive enzymes are :

177) Pepsinogen is secreted by -

178) Prorenin is secreted by :

179) Find out the correctly matched pair :

180) Among mammals, a significant role in the digestion of milk is played by :

181) Secretin and cholecystokinin are digestive hormones. They are secreted in :

182) What will happen if the secretion of parietal cells of gastric glands is blocked with an inhibitor :

183) Medium in which pepsin active is -

184) Which part of our body secretes the hormone secretin ?

185) Which one of the following enzymes carries out the initial step in the digestion of milk in humans ?

186) Another substance of the category of glucose, sucrose and maltose is -

187) Glycogen is stored in -

188) Lacteals take part -

189) Fatty acids and glycerol are absorbed by -

190) Which of the following is absorbed in ileum -

191) Which food substance is absorbed during digestion -

192) During prolonged fasting -

193) During rest, metabolic requirements are minimum. This is indicated by -

194) Glucose is tranported to cell by -

195) Water absorption is mainly occur in -

196) Which of the following is absorbed in proximal intestine -

197) Substances which are not related with hepaticportal circulation -

198) Fully digested food reaches to liver by

199) Parathormone influences calcium absorption in the small intestine by regulating the metabolism of

200) The organ in human body where glycogenolysis takes place ?

201) Gluconeogenesis is :

202) Protein are mainly required in the body for

203) In mammals carbohydrate are stored in the form of -

204) Jaundice is a disorder of :

205) Osteomalacia occurs due to the deficiency of :

206) Protein deficiency leads to :

207) A patient is generally advised to specially, consume more meat, lentils, milk and eggs in diet only when he suffers from :

208) Fluoride pollution mainly affects :

209) Which of the following vitamins are fat soluble ?

210) The deficiency of which vitamin causes Keratomalacia ?

211) Which of the following is a fat-soluble vitamin and its related deficiency disease ?

212) It is present in rod cells and useful in night vision :

213) Deficiency of it, causes loss of appetite, mental confusion, fatigue and muscle depreciation;

214) Vitamin D is produced in human body by :

215) Which of one is correctly matched ?

216) Which of the following are fat soluble vitamins ?
(I) Retinol
(II) Calciferol
(III) Tocopherol
(IV) Riboflavin

217) The deficiency of which vitamin causes keratomalacia ?

218) Which of the following is not a source of vitamin A?

219) Deficiency of it causes loss of appetite, mental confusion, fatigue and muscle deprection :

220) Consider the following statements : A. the antipellagra vitamin is nicotinamide present in milk, yeast, meat and leafy vegetables
B. crypts, of lieberkuhn are present in the liver
C. Steapsin is the pancreatic amylase

221) Cod and shark liver oil is source of :

222) A person deficient in Rhodopsin (visual pigment) should take-

223) Rickets is caused by the deficiency of -

224) Which vitamins are water soluble-

225) Which is the source of Vit C-

226) Which disease is caused due to prolonged deficiency of Nicotinic Acid -

227) Pernicious anaemia is caused by deficiency of vitamin -

228) A person with bleeding gums should daily take-

229) Rickets is disease of which category -

230) Thiamine is another name for -

231) Vit D is also called-

232) The mineral element whose deficiency in human body may lead to goitre is-

233) Deficiency of Vit E brings about-

234) Which pairing is not correct-

235) Bow - shaped legs in children are due to deficiency of Vitamin-

236) Beri-Beri, Scurvy and Rickets are respectively caused by deficiency of-

237) Vit K is a required for-

238) Which of the following pair is characterised by swollen lips, thick pigmented skin of hands and legs and irritability-

239) Dermatitis, diarrhoea and dementia are seen in deficiency of :-

240) Which of the following vitamin is an main antioxidant

241) The vitamin that is useful in cancer is vitamin :-

242) Vitamin which includes maturation of R.B.C.:-

243) Pantothenic acid & Biotin associated with :

244) Which one is wrong pair ?

245) Which one correctly matched ?

246) Continuous bleeding from an injured part of body is due to deficiency of :

247) Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched ?

248) Vitamin C is -

249) Which one of the following is the correct matching of a vitamin, its nature and its deficiency disease :

250) Scurvy disease is due to the -

251) The chemical name of vitamin D is :

252) Which of the following vitamin synthesised in animal body by bacteria

253) Vitamin C is mainly helpful in :

254) Which of the following does not belong to vitamin B group :

255) Deficiency of which vitamin causes night blindness ?

256) Certain B vitamins are :

257) Deficiency of thiamine causes :

258) Vitamin C is helpful in the :

259) Larger and fragile RBC with less haemoglobin is due to the deficiency of :

260) Permicious ansemia is :

261) Which one is correctly matched :

262) Vitamins produced by symblotic intestinal bacterial include :

263) Liver is able to manufacture vitamin -

264) Which of the following is a water soluble vitamin ?

265) Which one of the following is the correct matching of the site of acion on the given substrate, the enzyme acting upon it and the end product :