Practice Test


1) Common examples of allergens are mites in dust, pollens, animal dander. Allergy is due to release of chemicals such as:


2) Which of the following is autoimmune diseases?


3) BCG vaccine is given against:


4) Which of the following is a symptom(s) of ascariasis?


5) Appearance of dry, scaly lesions on various parts of body such as skin, nails and scalp accompanied by intense itching. This disease is caused by:


6) The elephantiasis or filariasis is caused by Wuchereria bancrofti and W. malayi. The major symptoms are


7) Sporozoites of malarial parasite on entering the blood first attack:


8) Who is the initiator of 'Lab to land' concept?


9) Pneumonia, symptoms including fever, cough, chills, headache, lips and fingers may turn gray to blue colour. It is caused by:


10) The proteins produced by B-lymphocytes in response to pathogens are called?


11) Japanese elephantiasis is transmitted by:


12) Select the correct statement:


13) A patient is suspected to be suffering from acquired immuno deficiency syndrome. Which diagnostic technique will you recommend for its detection?


14) The side effects of use of anabolic steroids in female are:


15) At what stage HIV infection does not usually show symptoms of AIDS


16) Antigens are:


17) Koch's postulates include which of the following?


18) Reservoir of infection is:


19) Antibodies fight against:


20) Humoral immune system consists of:


21) How many principal lines of defence are present in the body?


22) Which of the following is a correct statement?


23) Antiserum is a serum containing:


24) Interferon is a glycoprotein which possesses


25) Antibodies are:


26) The mode of transmission of communicable diseases is dealt by a branch of science named:


27) The degree of pathogenecity is called:


28) Which one of the following diseases is caused by bacteria?


29) Which one of the following communicable diseases is not caused by bacteria?


30) The causative organism of cholera is a:


31) Tetanus is caused by:


32) Poliomyelitis is caused by:


33) AIDS is caused by:


34) Invention and study of effects of medicines on the organism is known as:


35) DPT vaccine is given to infants to immunize them against:


36) Dengue fever is caused by:


37) A virus caused contagious epidemic disease with high fever and rash all over the body. Its incidence is among childern. Its one attack gives immunity. Which one is of the following?


38) Syphilis is venereal disease. It is caused by:


39) The contagious diseases are:


40) Where are the gametocytes of Plasmodium first formed and found?


41) Entamoeba histolytica has:


42) Which mosquito actually transmits malaria and acts as intermediate host of Plasmodium?


43) The credit of working out the complicated life cycle of Plasmodium goes to:


44) The symptoms of Malaria fever appear at their peak in a patient when:


45) Which of the following worms is viviparous?


46) The infective stage of plasmodium is:


47) A chronic contagious eye disease, caused by virus is called as:


48) Region of the body where poliomyelitis virus multiplies is:


49) The disease 'Filariasis' is caused by the worm:


50) The mode of transmission of the disease Filaria is:


51) Which mosquito aids in the transmission of the disease filariasis?


52) A disease characterisied by chronic sleeplessness is:


53) Trachoma is caused by the infection of:


54) Chicken pox can be easily identified from measles due to the:


55) Varicella virus causes:


56) Elephantiasis is caused by:


57) The incubation period of small pox is:


58) The infective period of enteric fever is:


59) Protection against poliomyelitis and tetanus is done simultaneously by:


60) After floods the victims are usually attacked by:


61) Rabies is also called:


62) Rubeola virus causes:


63) Black death or Great mortality is the name given to:


64) A person with blood group 'O' can receive blood transfusion from persons with blood groups:


65) After which animal is the 'RH' factor named?


66) Universal recipient in blood transfusion belongs to group:


67) Rh factor is connected with:


68) Haemophilia is a disease caused by deficiency of:


69) Rh negative individuals are:


70) Which of the following is a genetic trait?


71) Rh factor was discovered by:


72) Universal donor in blood transfusion belongs to blood group:


73) A woman with blood group O marries a man with blood group A. The child conceived to such a woman will:


74) Which of the following is biologically incompatible marriage because of danger of erythroblastosis fetalis is?


75) Down's Syndrome has karyotype make up as:


76) If a human mother has blood group 'O' the foetus in the womb would die, the blood group of the foetus is:


77) To a person of blood group AB blood group of A and B are given separately, what will happen:


78) Which of the following diseases is genetically similar to haemophilia?


79) The disease Erythroblastosis foetalis in human embryo is caused due to:


80) ABO blood groups were discovered by:


81) Foetal sex can be determined by examining cells from amniotic fluid looking for:


82) The casue for disease like peptic ulcers, hypertension, coronary heart disease, liver cirrhosis are:


83) Trisomic condition of Down's syndrome arises due to:


84) Condition of sex chromosomes in male child of Down's syndrome will be:


85) Phenylketonuria (PKU) is:


86) Chromosomes of Klinefelter's syndrome usually have:


87) XO chromosome abnormality is:


88) Tay Sach's disorder is:


89) Active immunity is due to:


90) Passive immunity is provided through:


91) B-cells produce antibodies in response to instruction received from:


92) Opsonisation is carried out by:


93) Lysis of foreign cells is mediated through:


94) T-cells have a file of:


95) Antigenic determinant sites bind to which portions of an antibody molecule?


96) The cells that actually release the antibodies are:


97) Types of T-cells are:


98) Interferon is protein that:


99) The most modern technique of vaccine preparation is:


100) AIDS testing on normal individuals is done by:


101) When people are born without B-cells or T-cells, they suffer from:


102) Which of the following is incorrect:


103) Which one of the following diseases is due to an allergic reaction?


104) Human immuno deficiency virus (HIV) has a protein coat and a genetic material which is:


105) Typhoid fever is caused by:


106) AIDS can be transmitted by:


107) Which of the following is the cancerous state of blood?


108) Which of the following is a sexually transmitted disease?


109) The disease'Oriental sore' is caused by:


110) The carrier of virus causing human yellow fever is:


111) Edward's Syndrome, Patau's Syndrome and Down's Syndrome are due to:


112) Mental retardation in man associated with sex chromosomes abnormality is usually due to:


113) In Klinefelter's Syndrome what is the set of chromosomes?


114) Jaundice is caused by:


115) Which of the following disease is spread by mosquito and not caused by virus?


116) Haemorrghaic dengue fever is caused by:


117) Albinism is known to be due to an autosomal recessive mutation. The first child of a couple with normal skin pigmentation was an albino. What is the probability that their second child will also be an albino?


118) Lathyrism which is caused by consumption of kesaridal is a disease characterised by:


119) Vaccines are prepared from:


120) Diphtheria is caused by:


121) Which of the following symptoms indicate radiation sickness?


122) If a certain person shows production of interferons in his body, the chances are that he has got an infection of:


123) The all familiar disease 'Amoebiasis' is caused by:


124) Bacterial pathogens such as Escherichia coli, Campylobacter and Salmonella are responsible for diseases like:


125) Which group of following could be called immune disorder:


126) There are at least three methods of transmission available for AIDS i.e. sexual, pre-inatal and parental. Mother to child infection is called as:


127) Which pair is incorrect:


128) An antiviral substance known to prevent the synthesis of new virus in the cells is known as:


129) Irrational fear of disease is called:


130) The disease in which thick cough stops the passage of throat and forms a layer of mucous membrane is called:


131) The type of immunoglobulin present in colostrum secreted from mammary glands is:


132) Which one is a viral disease:


133) The virus replicated in arthropod which is its intermediate host. Then it goes to its permanent host which is a vertebrate. This virus is called:


134) Which one of the following diseases is now considered nearly eradicated from India?


135) HIV causes reduction in:


136) The spread of cancerous cells to distant sites is termed as:


137) Biological name of Insect (Vector) carrying the plague is:


138) A molecule that elicites an immune response is called:


139) Inflammatory response is allergy is caused by the release of one of the following by mast cells:


140) Which of the following is an STD?


141) Passive immunity was discovered by:


142) Influenza virus has:


143) A patient suffering from cholera is given saline drip because:


144) Hypersensitivity to an allergen is associated with:


145) Syphilis is sexualy transmitted disease caused by:


146) In which one of the following pairs of diseases both are caused by viruses:


147) Which disease in children is caused by intensive use of nitrate fertilizer?


148) AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) is caused by:


149) Infection of Ascaris usually occurs by:


150) Trypanosomiasis is transmitted by:


151) Interferons are:


152) The immunity developed after the body has recovered from a disease is called:


153) Cancer is related to


154) Vaccination against smallpox means the introduction into our body of:


155) Which one of the following is not a water borne disease?


156) Virus was discovered by:


157) All living organisms are killed by heat treatment is known as:


158) Huntington's chorea is a disease:


159) Events in body defence against infection is:


160) Which is not an immunological technique?


161) AIDS, mumps, measles, chicken pox, polio, influenza and rabies are caused by:


162) Vaccination protects a perosn from disease because it:


163) Immunoglobulin that increases in number during allergy is:


164) During infection T-cells interact with:


165) The following organism causes the African sleeping sickness:


166) Some protection is provided against carcinogens by:


167) A disease which cause maximum deaths in childern is:


168) James Phipps and Ali Marvow are related to viral disease that has disappeared:


169) Which ones engulf foreign materials?


170) Squeezing of leucocytes from capillary walls to fight foreign agents is called:


171) What is true for monoclonal antibodies?


172) Salmonella is related with:


173) Which of the most infectious disease is:


174) Vaccination against small pox developed by:


175) For detection of cancer isotope used is:


176) Which of the following disease is caued by virus?


177) Persons with blood group 'O' lack:


178) Common influenza is caused by:


179) Radiations can easily destroy cancerous cells because they:


180) The term antibiotic was coined by:


181) Antibodies are produced by:


182) Trypanosoma causes:


183) CAD stand for:


184) Carcinoma refers to:


185) Hodgkins disease is:


186) Which is the killer disease like AIDS and cancer?


187) A couple with blood types A and B may have childern with which of the following blood groups?


188) Zidovudine is a drug used in:


189) Which of the following STDs is correctly matched with its pathogen?


190) Universal recipient persons are of the blood group:


191) A non-infectious, unnatural and unusual reaction to a substance / condtion is called:


192) Which type of cancer affects the lymph nodes and spleen?


193) Electron beam therapy is a kind of radiation therapy to treat:


194) Cancer cells are more easily damaged by radiation than normal cells because they are:


195) In the ABO system of blood groups, if both antigens are present but no antibody, the blood group of the individual would be:


196) Given:
1. Kupffer cells
2. T-lymphocytes
3. B-lymphocytes
4. Megakaryocytes
Of the above tissue macrophages are:


197) Spleen produces:


198) Peyer's patches produce:


199) Allergens are:


200) Memory cells are formed from:


201) Passive immunity is defined as immunity:


202) The best HLA (Human Leucocyte Antigen) match for transplants in order to preference is:


203) Passive immunity can be obtained by injecting:


204) Recognition and digestion of phagocytosis due to coated surface of antibodies is:


205) An insect bite may result in inflammation of that spot. This is triggered by the alarm chemicals such as:


206) AIDS is caused by HIV that principally infects:


207) Which of the following is not a hereditary disease?


208) Antigen binding site in an antibody is found between:


209) Damage to thymus in a child may lead to:


210) Which one of the following depresses brain activity and produces feelings of calmness, relaxation and drowsiness?


211) The causative agent of mad-cow disease is a:


212) Antibodies in our body are complex:


213) HIV that causes AIDS, first starts destroying:


214) A person showing unpredictable moods, outbursts of emotion, quarrelsome behaviour and conflicts with other is suffereing from:


215) When childern play bare-footed in pools of dirty water and flood water, they may suffer from disease like:


216) Monoclonal antibodies are produced from hybrid cells, called hybridoma. The cells employed to obtain these hybridoma cells, are:


217) Cancer cells are:


218) An allergic reaction is initiated by antibodies of:


219) If you suspect major deficiency of antibodies in a person, to which of the following would you look for confirmatory evidence?


220) Each immunoglobulin has two heavy chains and two light chains, the antigen binding site is present in:


221) Antigen binds to antibody. This binding is a result of:


222) The function of IgE is:


223) To which type of barriers under innate immunity, do the saliva in the mouth and the tears from the eyes belong?


224) Cornea transplant in human is almost never rejected. This is because:


225) Consider the following four statements (a - d) regarding kidney transplant and select two correct ones out of these.
(a) Even if a kidney transplant is proper the recipient may need to take immounosuppresants for a long time
(b) The cell-mediated immune response is responsible for the graft rejection
(c) The B-lymphocytes are responsible for rejection of the graft
(d) The acceptance or rejection of a kidney transplant depends on specific interferons. The two correct statements are:


226) Where will you look for the sporozoites of the malarial parasite?


227) At which stage of HIV infection does not usually show symptoms of AIDS?


228) Which one of the following acts as a physiological barrier to the entry of microorganisms in human body?


229) A certain patient is suspected to be suffering from Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome. Which diagnostic technique will you recommend for its detection?


230) Which of the following is/are a unique features of adaptive or specific immunity?


231) A healthy human possesses about how many lymphocytes?


232) Antibody mediated or humoral immunity is comprised by:


233) Antigen binding sites of an antibody molecule are present on:


234) IgM class of immunoglobulin functions:


235) Which of the following immunoglobulin class provides protection from inhaled and ingested proteins:


236) Which of the following anitbodies are most abundant across placenta and provide specific immunity for foetus?


237) BCG vaccine is adminstered to:


238) Which of the following is not a component of innate immunity?


239) HIV attacks which of the following?


240) Which of the following property of acquired immunity is the basis of vaccination?


241) Immuno-deficiency can result from which of the following?


242) Which of the following is an autoimmune disease?


243) If one's own tissue is grafted to another part of the body, it is termed as:


244) Immunity acquired after an infection is:


245) The type of immunoglobulin, whose function is possible antigen recognition by B-cells, may be:


246) Which of the following viruses spreads AIDS?


247) Disease which occurs due to malfunctioning of organs is


248) Sporogony of malarial parasite occurs in


249) In malaria, which of the following is released in blood to cause severe chill


250) An organism which has been used as a weapon in biological war causes which of the following disease?


251) Find the incorrect pair out


252) An autoimmune disease is


253) If a person shows production of interferons in his body, the chances are that he has got an infection of


254) AIDS disease was first reported in


255) Which of the following organs is not involved in the generation of immune response?


256) Triple antigen vaccine is not used for


257) Which cells of immune system causes pore formation at the surface of the plasma membrane?


258) Vaccination of malaria is not possible because


259) One of the inflammatory reactions induced by histamines is


260) Fatty liver syndrome is due to


261) Ganja and LSD are classified in


262) Excessive consumption of alcohol mainly leads to


263) The tobacco products cause


264) Allergic condition caused by pollen grains of certain flowers causing inflammation of the nose is called


265) Continued exposure to vinylchloride (VC) may cause cancer to the


266) Which one of the following statements is correct?


267) Which of the following is a pair of viral diseases?


268) A person likely to develop tetanus is immunized by administering


269) The letter T in T-lymphocyte refers to


270) Use of anti-histamines and steroids give a quick relief from


271) Perspiration, saliva and tears contains an enzyme, lysozyme, that kills


272) Lysozyme kills by destroying


273) Most bacteria ingested with food are killed by


274) Blood vessels near a wound dilate and become more permeable in response to which material released from damaged cells?


275) The term immunity refers to


276) Artificial immunity can be acquired from a


277) The regions of an antibody that make it distinct from all other kinds of antibodies are its


278) Alcohol is mostly metabolised in


279) Which of the following combinations causes damage to gastric mucosa?


280) Messenger molecules, released by virus-infected cells, that bind to the surfaces of healthy cells and stimulate them to synthesize proteins that prevent viral reproduction are called


281) Lymphocytes that cause the formation of holes in plasma membranes are


282) The major histocompatibility complex is a


283) Which of the following blood groups enables a person to give blood to any person?


284) An allergic reaction is initiated by antibodies of the


285) Persons with severe combined immunodeficiency has no


286) Untreated victims of severe combined immunodeficiency usually die from


287) Which of the following immunoglobulins (lgs) is present in milk?


288) The major phagocytic cells are


289) T-cells have a life of


290) Amphetamines are central nervous system stimulants. Barbiturates are


291) Caffeine can be obtained from


292) Which one of the following depresses brain activity and produce feelings of calmness and relaxation?


293) Which one of the following is the correct statement regarding the particular psychotropic drug specified?


294) Heroin is also known by the name


295) Which of the following is a hallucinogen?


296) Which of the following options gives the correct matching of a diseases with its causative organism and mode of infection


297) Synthetic, drugs structurally related to adrenaline are


298) The effect of opiates is


299) Charas or hashish is obtained from


300) A person is drug addict because of


301) Heroin is


302) Common cold is not cured by antibiotics because it is


303) Immunity that develops in the fetus after receiving antibodies from mother's blood through placenta is


304) Which of the following statements is false?


305) Amphetamines are commonly called


306) Use of Cannabis products results in


307) At which stage of HIV infection does not usually show symptoms of AIDS?


308) Select the correct statement with respect to diseases and immunisation


309) White blood cell that are non-specific killers of microbes are


310) The humoral immune system defends mostly against bacteria and viruses in the


311) Lymphocytes that inhibit the development and proliferation of T and B cell are


312) Which of the following is observed as No Tobacco Day?


313) The virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) parasitize reduces


314) The term 'active immunity' means


315) Damage to thymus in a child may lead to


316) The treatment of snake-bite by antivenom is an example of


317) Antigen binding site in an antibody is found between


318) An immune disease in which the body destroys the ill-functioning thyroid gland itself is


319) Hangover is due to accumulation of


320) Peyer's patches produce


321) Which of the following are most abundant types of antibody?


322) Kupffer cells are present in


323) A person may die after getting a bee sting in his body due to


324) The common means of transmission of AIDS is


325) Which of these is not a cell of the macrophage system?


326) Colostrum provides the infant with


327) The formation of antibodies within our body is called


328) Which one of the following statements is correct with regard to the principle of safe blood transfusion?


329) The immunoglobulin present in mother's milk is


330) Which is an autoimmune disease?


331) Recognisation and digestion by phagocytosis due to coated surface of antibodies is


332) Cytokines provide non specific immunity against virus is


333) Monoclonal antibodies are produced from which type of cells?


334) Which one of the following provides non-specific pathogen defense for the body?


335) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is comprised of a protein coat and genetic material, which is


336) An example of innate immunity is


337) Which of the following diseases is due to an allergic reaction


338) Hybridomas are result of the fusion of


339) Fill in the blanks :
I. White blood cells called phagocytes move from place to place by _____ and kill microbes by first ______ them and then digesting them.
II. Each antibody has ____ antigen-binding sites. It combines with ______ foreign microbes, causing them to _____.
III. Antibodies produced by B cells are primarily active against _____ and ______.
IV. Allergies are treated with drugs like ______ in case of normal allergic reactions and _____ in case of anaphylactic shock.
V. Transplanted tissues and organs are rejected when the hosts _____ attack antigens on the ______ of the transplant. This set of antigens, unique to each genotype, is known as the ____ complex.


340) Tobacco addiction causes


341) Withdrawal of tobacco produces


342) Smoking is harmful as it produces polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons that cause


343) A 'drunk person' has earliest effect on which part of the brain?


344) Alcoholic beverages contain


345) Which of the following is/are a carcinogen present in tobacco smoke?


346) Tobacco is obtained from


347) Alcohol is


348) Hangover is


349) Where will you look for the sporozoites of the malarial parasite?


350) Which one of the following acts as a physiological barrier to the entry of micro-organisms in human body?


351) A certain patient is suspected to be suffering from Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome. Which diagnostic technique will you recommend for its detection?


352) What are needed for good health?


353) Nutritive food elements are


354) Mental health requires


355) Nervous system is influenced by


356) External factors responsible to produce disease is


357) Pathogen of malaria is


358) Agents spreading diseases are


359) Degenerative diseases are


360) One of the following is caused by virus


361) Bacteria causes


362) Elephantiasis is caused by


363) Protozoa causes


364) Hormone disease is


365) Tobacco causes


366) Smoke causes


367) Rickets occurs in the absence of


368) Oncology is the study of -
A. infectious diseases
B. protozoan parasites
C. tumour
D. cancer


369) Diagnosis of sexually-transmitted disease is done by


370) What are the methods to avoid AIDS?


371) Name the factors which do not allow them to enter the body


372) Antiserum is


373) Cigarettes smoke contains


374) Wine causes


375) Psychotropic drugs are


376) Drugs are obtained from


377) From Erythroxylum plant is obtained


378) A. Antigen is usually a foreign body which causes the formation of antibody.
B. Antibody is a protein molecule.
C. Antigen can be either protein or polysaccharide molecule.
D. Antibody joins an antigen to destroy the latter.


379) Personal hygiene means -
A. to keep the body clean
B. to keep the surroundings neat and clean
C. regular exercise
D. protein rich diet


380) Out of the following diseases which are caused due to bacterial infection?
A. Typhoid
B. Elephantiasis
C. Cholera
D. Tuberculosis


381) Ringworm is caused by fungus -
A. Microsporum
B. Trichophyton
C. Rhizopus
D. Osciliatoria


382) Immune responses are carried out by -
A. lymphocytes
B. adipocytes
C. immunoglobulins
D. melanocytes


383) Air-borne diseases are -
A. influenza
B. typhoid
C. tuberculosis
D. diarrhoea


384) Pneumonia is caused by -
A. Trichophytone
B. contact with infected person
C. Streptococcus pnuemohiae
D. Epidermophyton


385) Diseases of human being caused by protozoan parasites are -
A. amoebiasis
B. malaria
C. trypanosomiasis
D. typhoid


386) Smoke of tobacco usually contains -
A. alcohol
B. nicotine
C. phenol
D. tar


387) Urge of tobacco smoking can be easily given up by -
A. motivation
B. substitution with other activities
C. regular exercise to reduce the stress
D. non-vegetarian diet


388) Types of cancer are -
A. sarcoma
B. leukaernia
C. gastric ulcer
D. lymphoma


389) Which infectious disease can be treated effectively using oil of chenopodium?


390) If you are advised to get a WIDAL test done for yourself - which disease is your doctor suspecting?


391) Which stage of Plasmodium parasite is infective for man?


392) A disease which often produces deformities of fingers and toes is


393) The genome of HIV, the causative organism of AIDS, is made up of


394) Which term would you use for combination of diseases such as Kaposis sarcoma, Pneumocystis canni pneumonia, Leukoplakia etc.?


395) Which amongst the following can be considered as a part of ART (Anti-Retroviral Therapy)?


396) Which of the following will be included under innate immunity?


397) Interferon is protein that


398) Which of the following is not true for interferon?


399) What is the role of complement in the body's defense?


400) Natural killer (NK) cells can destroy


401) The opposite to innate immunity is


402) Active immunity is obtained by


403) Which of the following immunity is conferred by transfer of immune products like antibodies from another individual into a non-immune individual?


404) The cell which plays major role in host defense against tumor cells and the cells infected with viruses


405) Antigenic determinant sites bind to which portions of an antibody molecule?


406) Antibody is


407) Which of the following is/are example of autoimmune disease?


408) One of the following drugs depresses (switch off) the activities of CNS and is known as sedative. It gives feeling of calmness, relaxation or drowsiness


409) Sleeping pills contain


410) Opium is obtained from which part of poppy plant


411) Which of the following is obtained from Papaver somnifenim?


412) Marijuana is obtained from


413) Which of the following belongs to "Pain killers"?


414) Antihistamine relieves


415) Malarial parasite can be obtained from patient


416) Entamoeba histolytica causes


417) Neoplasms are


418) In lukaemia, there is tremendous increase in the numbers of


419) Carcinogen present in coal tar is


420) Which of the following options correctly represent the life cycle of Plasmodium?
A. sporozoites (human) - RBCs - liver cells gametocytes (RBCs) - blood meal (female mosquito) - multiply (mosquito) - sporozoites (mosquito).
B. sporozoties (mosquito) - bite RBCs (human) - liver cells gametocytes (RBCs) - sporozoites (human) - blood meal (female mosquito).
C. sporozoites (human) - liver cells - RBCs gametocytes (RBCs) - blood meal (female mosquito) - multiply (mosquito) - sporozoites (mosquito).
D. blood meal (female mosquito) - multiply (mosquito) - sporozoites (mosquito) - bite - liver cells (human) - RBCs - gametocytes (RBCs).


421) Which of the following diseases cause chronic inflammation in the lymphatic vessels of the lower limb that results into its massive swelling?


422) Innate immunity is non-specific defence present from the time of birth. It consists of


423) Autoimmunity is caused due to the -
A. ability of immune cells to discriminate between self cells from non-self-cells.
B. inability of immune cells in damaging self cells representing foreign antigens.
C. inability of immune cells in distinguishing self cells from non-cells.
D. ability of immune cells to damage self cells.


424) Normal cells are called cancerous when they show the following property


425) Which of the following is/are example(s) of the natural passive immunity?


426) Opioid are popularly called


427) Which of the following is/are the ill-effect(s) of smoking?


428) AIDS can be diagnosed by


429) Fill up the blanks -
A. In malaria, the rupture of ______ release a toxic substance called ______ which is responsible for the chill and recurring fever.
B. _____ results in blockage of the intestinal passage. A healthy person acquires this through contaminated water, vegetables, fruits etc.
C. T-lymphocytes mediate ______ immunity and B-lymphocytes mediate ____ immunity.
D. Genes in normal cells which when activated under certain conditions can cause cancerous transformation, are called ______.
E. Smoking increases _____ content in blood and reduces the concentration of haembound oxygen. This causes oxygen deficiency in the body.


430) Fill up the blanks -
A. Cancer diagnosis can be done by _______, ______ and _______ which generate image of the internal organs.
B. The primary lymphoid organs are ____ and ______ where immature _____ differentiate into antigen sensitive one.
C. Allergy is due to the release of chemicals like histamine and _____ from the _____ cells.
D. RNA genome of HIV replicates to form viral DNA with the help of enzyme _______.
E. In food-borne diseases such as _____, _____ and ascariasis, preventive measures should be taken in proper cleaning of food items, disinfection of water reservoirs etc.


431) Identify the false statements -
I. Antigen-binding site of an antibody is found between two light peptide chains.
II. The pathogen of elephantiasis is transmitted to a healthy person through the bite of same mosquito species which also cause malarial diseases.
III. Lymphoid tissues are also located within the lining of the major tracts called mucosal-associated lymphoid tissue.
IV. Increase intake of coffee or tea can cause indigestion, insomnia and disturb renal functions.
V. Anaphylactic shock is an autoimmune reaction which involves all the tissues of the body that results in drastic fall in blood pressure.


432) AIDS spread due to


433) HIV attacks


434) Which of the following properties of acquired immunity is the basis of vaccination?


435) Which of the following cells are involved in immune mechanism of the body?


436) Metastasis occurs in case of


437) Genes involved in cancer are


438) Pneumonia is caused by


439) Amoebiasis (Amoebic dysentery) is caused by


440) Which one of the following is a matching pair of a drug and its category?


441) Which of the following measures is not useful for prevention and control of alcohol and drugs among adolescents?


442) Fill up the blanks -
I. The primary lymphoid organs are ____ and _____.
II. Heroin commonly called "smack" is chemically _____.
III. _____ tumors remain confined to their original location and do not spread to other parts of the body.
IV. The immune system comprises _____ cells and _____ cells.
V. _____ is very effective sedative and pain killer.
VI. A group of symptoms is literally termed as _____.
VII. The fungi Trichophyton is responsible for ______.


443) Identify the true statements -
I. Absitnence from drugs of dependence causes withdrawal symptoms but not craving.
II. Chikungunya is confirmed by Widal test.
III. Rheumatoid arthritis which affects many people in out society is an auto-immune disease.
IV. AIDS was first reported in 1981 and is caused by a member of a group of viruses called retroviruses.
V. Benign tumors are normally considered with metastasis.
VI. Most powerful stimulant is cocaine.


444) Nicotine, an ____I____, stimulates ____II____ gland to release adrenaline and nor-adrenaline into blood circulation, both of which ___III___ blood pressure and increase heart rate. Smoking is associated with increased incidence of cancers of lung, urinary bladder and throat, bronchitis, emphysema, coronary heart disease, gastric ulcer, etc. Tobacco chewing is associated with increased risk of cancer of the oral cavity. Smoking increases ____IV____ content in blood and reduces the concentration of haembound ____V____.


445) Which of the following non-infectious disease is a major cause of death in human beings?


446) The toxic substance, 'Haemozoin', related to the high fever and chill, is released during following disease


447) Malignant malaria is caused by the following species of Plasmodium


448) The name of 'Mary Mallon' is associated with the disease


449) Natural killer cells (NK cells) provide


450) The pathogens of genera, Microsporum, Trichophyton and Epidermorphyton are responsible for


451) Bacteria like Streptococcus and Haemophilus influenzae are responsible for


452) Mark the correct statement


453) When a quick immune response is required due to infection of a deadly microbe, the patient is injected with


454) The principle of vaccination is based upon the following property of immune system


455) Following vaccine has been produced from yeast by recombinant DNA technology


456) The foetus gets immunized after receiving antibodies from mother through placenta. This type of immunization is called


457) The exaggerated response of the immune system to certain antigens is called


458) The use of antihistamine, adrenaline and steroids quickly reduce the symptoms of


459) Mark the correct statement in the following


460) The antibodies produced during allergy are


461) The following lymphoid organ provides the site for the interaction of lymphocytes with the antigen


462) Which of the following disease is caused by the member of Retro-virus group?


463) Mark the incorrect statement


464) Given below are 4-statements. Read the statements and mark the option that has both correct statements. -
A. - Heroin, commonly called Smack, is obtained by acetylation of morphine.
B. Cocaine is obtained from the latex of Papaver somniferum.
C. Marijuna interferes with the transmission of dopamine.
D. Morphine is an effective sedative and pain killer.


465) Both, Hepatitis B and AIDS are


466) A person suffering from a disease caused by Plasmodium experiences recurring chill and fever at the time when?


467) Which one of the following techniques is safest for the detection of cancers


468) Which of the following human parasite require mosquito to complete their life-cycle?


469) Which one of the following statements is correct with respect to immunity?


470) Xenograft means


471) Go through the statements -
A. Sporozoites of malaria parasite enter human body by biting of new born female Anopheles whose mother was carrier.
B. Male and female gametocytes of malaria parasite develop in human intestine.
C. Mucous membrane, Phagozytosis and Lysozyme are components of nonspecific defence but Killer T-cell is not.
How many statement is correct?


472) Motile zygote of Plasmodium occurs in


473) Common cold differs from pneumonia in that


474) Which one of the following is not a property of cancerous cells whereas the remaining three are?


475) In which one of the following options the two examples are correctly matched with their particular type of immunity


476) Cirrhosis of liver is caused by the chronic intake of


477) Which one among the following is not a component of third line of body defence?


478) Which one among the following forms the chemical barrier for infections?


479) Excessive consumption of alcohol is known as _______.


480) Alcohol affects mental and motor functions because


481) The cell-mediated immunity inside the human body is carried out by


482) The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes AIDS probably originated in chimpanzees in central Africa and began appearing in humans between 1915 and 1940. The first cases of AIDS were diagnosed in the early 1980s. Which of the following was most likely responsible for the subsequent worldwide spread of the virus?


483) Vermiform appendix in human is


484) Which one of the following fungi contains hallucinogens?


485) At which stage of HIV infection does one usually show symptoms of AIDS


486) Internal bleeding, muscular pain, blockage of the intestinal passage and anaemia are some of the symptoms caused due to infection by


487) The immunoglobulin disulphides do not join


488) Which of the following components are involved in allergic reaction?


489) The first antibody to appear in the serum following stimulation by antigen is


490) In habitual alcohol drinkers liver get damage because of


491) 'Ringworm' a common infectious disease in man causing dry scaly lesions on the skin and scalp, is caused by


492) Which of the following is used in the treatment of cancer?


493) Which of the following is not a special feature of specific immunity?


494) All of the following drugs quickly reduce the symptoms of allergy except


495) Read the statements.
I. IgE antibodies are produced in an allergic reaction.
II. B-lymphocytes mediate cell mediated immunity.
III. The yellowish fluid colostrum has abundant IgE antibodies.
IV. Spleen is a secondary lymphoid organ.
Of the above statements.


496) Drinking excess alcohol can lead to long-term damage to the liver.
In which sequence would the effects occur?


497) How many classes of immunoglobulin are there in humans?


498) Which of the following options are correct?
1. Heroin - Stimulant
2. Marijuana - Cardiovascular
3. Cocain - Hallucinations
4. Morphine - Sedative


499) The Plasmodium initially multiplies within the liver cells and then attacks the red blood cells, resulting in their rupture. The rupture of RBCs is associated with release of a toxic substance.


500) Which of the following is not correct with respect to malaria?


501) Which future development in vaccine production is most important in the fight to eradicate measles in developing countries?


502) Which of the following viruses is not transferred through semen of an infected male?


503) Which of the following is not a sexually transmitted disease?


504) The active form of Entamoeba histolytica feeds upon


505) If you suspect major deficiency of antibodies in a person, to which of the following would you look for confirmatory evidence?


506) Metagenesis refers to


507) Which of the following immunoglobulins does constitute the largest percentage in human milk?


508) Which of the following disease is caused by a protozoan?


509) Grafted kidney may be rejected in a patient due to


510) In higher vertebrates, the immune system can distinguish self-cells and non-self. If this property is lost due to genetic abnormality and it attacks self-cells, then it leads to


511) Antivenom injection contains preformed antibodies while polio drops that are administered into the body contain


512) Which of the following statements is not true for cancer cells in relation to mutations?


513) Which of the following is correct regarding AIDS causative agent HIV?


514) Which of the following sets of diseases is caused by bacteria?


515) Which antibody is first to be released into blood following an infection?


516) Which one of the following is an oncogenic virus?


517) An immunoglobulin G molecule is composed by


518) Which of the following diseases is caused by virus and transmitted by mosquito?


519) Who discovered the small-pox vaccine?


520) The causal organism of Kala-azar is


521) The symptoms of an allergic reaction develop in response to


522) Helper T cells are distinguished from cytotoxic T cells by presence of


523) Which one of the following stage of malarial parasite is not found in the vector?


524) Hard-drug includes


525) Cannabis sativa is the source of


526) Which of the following is a pair of bacterial diseases?


527) Which of the following is a protozoan disease?


528) Antibody is connected with


529) Interferons protect healthy cells in human from


530) During an allergic reaction, the binding of antigens to IgE antibodies initiates a response, in which chemicals cause the dilation of blood vessels and a host of other physiological changes. Such chemicals are


531) Which class of antibodies is abundant in body secretion


532) Which of the following cells are related with inflammatory reactions and immediate hypersensitivity?


533) Which of the following health disorder includes symptoms of fever, chills, cough, headache, gray or bluish lips and finger’s nails?


534) What is the main lymphoid organ where all blood cells including lymphocytes are produced?


535) The tendency of the body to manifest a characteristic and unpleasant withdrawal syndrome on abrupt discontinuation of regular dose of drugs/alcohol is called


536) Regarding common cold consider the following statements
I. Rhinovirus is responsible for common cold which infects the nasal epithelium and respiratory passage but not the lungs.
II. The symptoms of common cold included nasal congestion and discharge, sore throat, gruffiness, cough, headache and tiredness.
Which of the statement given above is/are correct?


537) Mast cells have important role in the development of


538) Which of the following is related to humoral immunity?


539) Note the following words.
I. Skin
II. Phagocytes
III.B-cells
IV. Inflammation
V. Antibodies
VI. T-cells
VII. Fever
VIII. Antimicrobial
proteins
IX. NK-cells
X. Secretions
Identify the factors involved in second line of defence.


540) BCG vaccine is used against


541) Smoking results in …A… build up in the blood and reduce …B… delivery to the tissue.Here A and B refers to


542) What is true about T-lymphocytes is mammals?


543) The thymus is a lobed organ located near the …A… and beneath the …B… . The most appropriate combination for A and B is


544) Exotoxins are related with


545) Bacterium, which is concerned with pertussis is


546) Consider the following statements
I. Neural system and endocrine system influences our immune system
II. Immune system maintains our health
Which of the statement (s) given above is/are correct?


547) Electrocardiograph was developed by


548) Which of the given sets include lymphatic organs?


549) Secondary metabolite is


550) What is injected into the patient’s body the determining the cause of allergy?


551) ‘Tunnel vision’ is associated with.


552) Which of the following is not a part of secondary lymphatic system?


553) Which of the following toxic substances is responsible for the high malarial fever?


554) Bambykol or gyplure is a


555) A chemical substance produce produced by a microorganism for inhibiting the growth of another is


556) Who among the following is recognized as the father of immunology?


557) Heroin is a


558) Monoclonal antibodies are used for


559) Non-specific host defence that exists prior to the exposure to an antigen is called


560) Cancer of the internal organs is detected by


561) Full form PMNL is


562) Which one of the following is correctly matched?


563) To which type of barriers under innate immunity? Saliva in the mouth and the tears from the eyes belongs?


564) After drinking alcohol, a person walks clumsily because, the alcohol affects his


565) An uncontrolled division or proliferation of cells without any differentiation is called


566) AIDS virus is also known as


567) Opioids are the drugs, which bind to specific opioid receptors present in our


568) Which one of the followin pairs is not correctly matched?


569) Cocaine is obtained from


570) How many variable segments are present in the basic structure of antibody molecules?


571) The incubation period for hepatitis-B virus is


572) Main barrier which prevents the entry of disease’s causing organism in our body is


573) The primary host of Plasmodium is


574) An example of gene therapy is


575) Two of the body parts, which do not appear in MRI may be


576) Regarding pathogens consider the following statements
I. A pathogen or an infectious agent is a microorganism, such as a virus, bacterium, fungus that causes disease in its host
II. These pathogens multiply in our body and interfere with the normal vital activities, resulting in morphological and functional damage
Which of the following statement (s) is/are correct?


577) Which one the following statements is false?


578) Active immunity development is related to


579) Housefly is a vector of


580) Which of the following are considered as cellular barrier of the body?


581) Nobel Prize for medicine was given for confirming the role of Helicobacter pylori in causing


582) Inflammatory response in allergy is due to the release of …… from the mast cells


583) Consider the following statements. Health is a combination of
I. complete physical health
II. mental health
III. social health
Which of the statements given above are correct?


584) Yersinia pestis is responsible for


585) Modern lifestyle is responsible for


586) The ‘Christmas disease’ patient lacks antihaemophilic


587) Acquired immunity is due to


588) The human immune system consists of


589) AIDS day is


590) IgA, IgM, IgE and IgG are the example of


591) A new born baby who receives IgA form its mother’s milk develops


592) The virus that cases Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) parasitizes in


593) Antigen binding site in an antibody is found between


594) Chagas disease is caused by


595) Dipsomania is


596) Cells obtained from cancerous tumours are known as


597) Which of the following elements is important to maintain structure of immunoglobulin?


598) In the cell mediated immuno response, T-lymphocytes divide and secrete


599) The smallest known agents of infectious diseases are


600) The group of disease carried by insects is


601) The study of body’s defence mechanism against pathogens and toxic molecules is known as


602) Which one of the following is useful in identifying the different strains of a causal microbe of an infectious disease?


603) Which one of the following correctly matches a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) with its pathogen?


604) When a person dies after stung by bee followed by the administration of penicillin, death may be due to


605) Passive immunity can be obtained through


606) Which one of the following statements is correct?


607) Which of the following statements best describes the role of reverse transcriptase?


608) Eradication of smallpox has been possible due to the following facts except


609) The AIDS test is known as


610) Just as Xenopsylla is to Yersinia pesist, so is


611) AIDS was first reported in


612) Humoral immune system defends against viruses and bacteria is present in


613) Black-foot disease is caused due to groundwater contaminated with excess of


614) Select the correct statement from the set given below
I. Growing number of people are taking LSD and other drugs like barbiturates and amphetamines
II. Several plants, fruits and seed having hallucinogenic properties have been used in folk-medicine Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


615) Tobacco consumption is known to stimulate the secretion of adrenaline and nor-adrenaline. The component causing this could be


616) Alcoholism may leads to


617) SCID is caused by defective gene coding for the enzyme called


618) Charas and ganja generally taken by


619) Rat, carries rat fleas, which are the causal organism of


620) Amoebiasis is prevented by


621) Morphine is


622) The effect of hydrogen sulphide on man leads to which of the following diseases?


623) Vaccination protects a person from disease because it


624) Addiction to alcohol causes


625) HIV/AIDS is a contagious disease which is caused by


626) Antibody molecule has


627) Morphine, obtained from opium, is


628) The chemical used in ‘National Malaria Eradication Programme ’ is


629) Benign tumours
I. remain confined to their original location and do not spread to other parts
II. cause little damage
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


630) Smack is chemically a …A… which is white and odourless and crystalline in nature. This is obtained by …B… . Here A and B refers to


631) The genes concerned with the production of cancer are called


632) Who stated that human population grows gemoretrically?


633) Cyclosporin and endosporins are the drugs that are used as


634) Emphysema is a


635) Alpha-interferons


636) Which technique uses the body’s water molecules as the bases for its images?


637) Antigen binding site of immunoglobulin is


638) Amoebiasis infection occurs by ingesting cysts with food and drinks


639) The synthetic drugs structually similar to adrenaline are


640) Antibody production is controlled by


641) Cannabinoids is obtained from


642) A substance that cause an allergic reaction is called


643) The polypeptide chains present in gamma immunoglobulin are


644) Kala-azar is caused by


645) Graft transplantation to save certain patients fails due to the rejection of such organs by the patient. Which type of immune response is responsible for such type of rejection?


646) Which of the following is used in diagnosis of epilepsy?


647) The disease ‘Oriental sore’ is caused by


648) ELISA test is used for detection of


649) Except skin, other physical barriers which also helps to prevent the entry of the microorganisms are
I. mucus coating of the epithelium lining the respiratory
II. gastrointestinal tracts
III. urogenital tracts
Choose the correct option


650) Cocaine is commonly called as


651) Ability of the body to fight against the disease causing organisms is called


652) In a standard ECG, which one of the following alphabets is the correct representation of the respective activity of human heart?


653) Damage to thymus in a child may lead to


654) Purpose of tubectomy is to prevent


655) Antibodies in our body are complex


656) What is the name of complex formed at the time of action of T-cells?


657) Proliferation of cancer cells is not limited because of


658) Smack is generally taken by


659) Which of the following is a matching pair of a drug and its category?


660) The drugs, which are commonly abused are


661) Consider the following statements
I. Secondary lymphoid organs includes lymph nodes, spleen and small masses of lymph tissue such as Peyer’s patches, appendix and tonsils
II. The secondary lymphoid organs all the site of lymphocyte maturation and they efficiently trap antigens for exposure to T and B-cells
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


662) Who among the following is recognized as the Father of Medicine?


663) Which of the following organs is not involved in the elicitation of immune response?


664) The term ‘Vaccine’ was introduced by


665) Tuberculosis is caused by


666) Main source of amoebic dysentery is


667) Mycobacterium leprae causes


668) Excessive doses of drugs may lead to coma and death due to


669) The interferons are


670) Food poisoning is caused by


671) Choose the true statements
I. Innate immunity is accomplished by providing different types of barriers
II. Acquired immunity is present from the birth and is inherited from parents
III. Sweat, tears, acid in the stomach and saliva prevent microbial growth


672) Immunoglobulins are made up of


673) AIDS is not diagnosed by


674) The immune system is made of


675) AIDS is the condition where


676) Which of the following is correct for immuno-modulators?


677) The disease filarial is transmitted by


678) The immune system plays a major role in


679) What is HLA?


680) Aloe vera cures cough and cold by


681) Active immunity may be produced by


682) If the person shows the production of interferons in his body, chances are that he is suffering from


683) Which of these is based on magnetic resonance?


684) With regard to the transmission of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Which one of the following statements is not correct?


685) Amniocentesis is used for determining


686) Most important component of oral contraceptive is


687) Which of the following normally confined to their original location and do not spread to other parts of the body?


688) Protein deficiency leads to


689) In AIDS, the system which show failure is


690) Cannabinoid are the group of chemicals, which interact with cannabinoid receptors present principally in


691) Histamines or other, inflammation producing substances are formed by


692) Which group of three of the following five statements (I-V) contains is correct regarding beri beri?
I. A crippling disease prevalent among the native population of sub-Sahara Africa.
II. A deficiency disease caused by lack of thiamine (vitamin-B1).
III. A nutritional disorder in infants and young children when the diet is persistantly deficient in essential protein.
IV. Occurs in those countries where the staple diet is polished rice.
V. The symptoms are pain from neuritis, paralysis, muscle wasting, progressive oedema, mental deterioration and finally heart failure.


693) Which of the following diseases is caused due to allergic reaction?


694) Which of the following is a pair of viral diseases?


695) ‘Lock jaw’ is another name of


696) Choose the wrong statement regarding AIDS.


697) Osteomalacia is a deficiency disease of


698) Study the following sentences.
I. The cells of malignant tumours divide erratically.
II. They are malignant tumours of epithelial cells.
III. They are malignant tumours of organs that originate from mesoderm.
IV. These tumours are found in organs such as spleen and lymph nodes.
Which of the above are true for angiosarcoma?


699) Spleen is a storage site for


700) Tobacco contains


701) The best HLA(Human Leucocyte Antigen) match for transplants in order of preference is


702) Quinine is obtained from


703) Antigen binds to antibody. The binding is result of


704) The process of introduction of weakened inactivated pathogen into human body is called


705) Female infanticide is commonly reported from


706) Which of the following disease is caused by the member of retrovirus group?


707) The term ‘antibiotic’ was coined by


708) All of the following are examples of mucosa associated lymphoid tissue except


709) Give the name of two helminthes, which causes ascariasis and filariasis respectively


710) Sir Godfery Hounsfield developed the diagnostic technique of


711) Hypersensitivity to an allergen is due to


712) Which part of the brain is affected first in a drunk person?


713) African sleeping sickness is caused by


714) Cocaine, an alkaloid is obtained from the leaves of


715) A drug called morphine is obtained from


716) Scientists were able to pinpoint the location of colour processing centers in the visual cortex of the brain by means of


717) Interferon – β is also termed as


718) The disease caused by virus, which is 42 nm in size and contains double stranded DNA is


719) Smoking causes


720) A person is suffering from frequent episodes of nasal discharge, nasal congestion, reddening of eyes and watery eyes. These are the symptoms of


721) Which of the following is a viral disease?


722) Immuno deficiency makes a person highly susceptible to infection. It is caused by


723) The causative agent of filaria is


724) Chemical carcinogens present in smoke have been identified as a major cause of


725) The cancer of the epithelial cells is called


726) Cell-mediated immunity is responsible for


727) Physiological barrier which prevents entry of microorganism in our body is/are


728) Antiviral substances, produced by many vertebrates in response to viral infections for resisting the multiplication of viruses as known as


729) Who developed vaccine against smallpox?


730) The main reason, why antibiotics could not solve all the problems of bacterial disease, is


731) ELISA assay


732) Cross sectional image of internal body structure can be obtained by using which medical technique?


733) The infectious form (after entering into human blood) of malarial parasite migrate to the


734) Virus-infected cells secrete proteins called


735) World health organization has started a number of programmes to prevent spreading of HIV infection Few such steps include
I. ensuring use of disposable needles and syringes
II. free distribution of condoms
III. advocating safe sex
IV. controlling drug abuse
Which of the steps given above are correct?


736) Colostrum


737) Select the true statement
I. AIDS has no cure, prevention is the best option
II. During HIV infection, the person suffers from fever, weight loss and diarrhoea
III. HIV is a retrovirus, which means its genetic material is DNA


738) Diacetyl morphine is commonly known as


739) Reasons for alcohol abuse in adolescents are
I. social pressure
II. curiosity and need for adventure, excitement and experiment
III. to escape from stress, depression and frustration
IV. to overcome hardships of daily life
Which of the statements given above are correct?


740) A disease which can easily transmit from one person to another is called


741) The name of Mary Mallon is related with the disease


742) The organ related with immunity is


743) Tiny lesions of multiple sclerosis on brain and spinal tissue can be observed by


744) Genetic material found in Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV)is


745) A major benefit of breast feeding for the new born infant is


746) The uncontrolled proliferation of cancerous cells produces masses of cells, called


747) Characters of acquired immunity are


748) A damaging immune response by the body to a substance is called


749) T-lymphocyte is produced in


750) Ginseng is an important drug of


751) Blood circulation was discovered by


752) Cancerous cells spread through


753) Vaccines, when introduced into the body, stimulates the production of


754) Benign tumour is the one, which


755) Antibodies are


756) Cancer causing viruses are called


757) Drugs that cause malformations in embryo during pregnancy are called


758) Consider the statements given below regarding contraception and answer as directed thereafter
I. Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) during first trimester is generally safe.
II. Generally, chances of conception are nil until mother breast-feeds the infant upto two year.
III. Intrauterine devices like copper-T are effective contraceptives.
IV. Contraception pills may be taken upto one week after coitus to prevent conception.
Which two of the above statements are correct?


759) Use of anti-histamines and steroids give a quick relief form


760) In recent years, which disease of digestive system in Indian has received great attention and against that active vaccination is being done even in schools?


761) A condition that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys healthy body tissue is called


762) The primary function of the lymphoid system is


763) Cell division or mitosis is normal process in a living cell, but sudden and abnormal mitosis in an organ will frequently result in


764) Surgical removal of thymus of a new born shall result in the failure to produce


765) Broad spectrum antibiotic


766) If a person shows production of interferons in his body, the chances are that he got an infection of


767) The organism, which causes pneumonia in human beings is


768) If you suspect major deficiency of antibodies in a person, to which of the following would you look for confirmatory evidence?


769) The immunoglobulin abundant in colostrums is


770) Cocaine is the native to


771) Globulins contained in human blood plasma are primarily involved in


772) The person showing unpredictable moods, outbursts of emotions, quarrelsome behaviour and conflicts with others is suffering from


773) Identify the wrong statements
I. The tumour of haematopoietic cells is called leukaemia.
II. Cancer arising from the epithelial tissues of internal organs and glands is referred as melanoma.
III. Sarcoma is a type of cancer where bone and cartilages are involved.
IV. Only benign tumours are called as true cancer or neoplasm.


774) Harmful effect of cigarette smoking is


775) Cell mediated immunity is mainly a function of


776) Which of the following diseases is caused due to helminth infection?


777) Infection of pneumonia occurs due to


778) Those who take drugs intravenously develop a risk of


779) Disease caused by deficiency of vitamin-C is


780) Humoral immunity is mediated by


781) Minamata disease is caused due to presence of …..in water.


782) Both sickle cell anaemia and Huntington’s chorea are


783) Rabies is caused by


784) Some diseases are transmitted through contaminated articles. The method is called


785) Disease associated with secretion of toxin is


786) The spleen
I. is a large bean-shaped organ
II. mainly contains lymphocytes and phagocytes
III. acts as a filter of the blood by trapping blood-borne microorganisms Which of the statements given above are correct?


787) Necessary steps for achieving good health are
I. awareness about disease
II. vaccination
III. proper disposal of wastes
IV. maintenance of hygienic food and water resources
V. Water resources
The correct combination having necessary steps is


788) Tumour viruses or cancer causing viruses called …A… have …B… . Here A and B refers to


789) Hybridomas are the fusion product of


790) Which one of the following is a stimulant?


791) Resistance against pathogens is due to


792) Primary lymphoid organs among the following are


793) Widal test is used for the diagnosis of


794) An insect bite may result in inflammation of that spot. That is triggered by the alarm chemicals such as


795) Defect in amino acid metabolism may result in


796) UThe pathogen of typhoid is directly transmitted through


797) The Philadelphia chromosome is found in the patients suffering from


798) Which of the following disorders can be regrded as madness?


799) Nicotine intake stimulates the …A… to release …B… and …C… into blood circulation. This lead to increase in …D… and an increase …E…Here A and E refers to .


800) Allergy involves


801) Which of the following body systems is responsible for allergic reaction?


802) The process of removal and replacement of the damaged tissues or organs like heart, eye, liver, kidney with healthy ones from a donar is called as


803) Which of the following is the correct matching of a disease with its causative organism and mode of infection?


804) Secondary lymphoid organs include


805) In which of the following, optical fibres are used?


806) Electron beam therapy is a kind of radiation therapy to treat


807) Rhinovirus causes


808) Which of the following protozoans attack gums in man?


809) Heroin is also known by the name of


810) Wuchereria bancrofti is


811) The confirmatory test used to diagnose AIDS is


812) Hepatitis-B is also called


813) Plants with hallucinogenic properties are


814) Malignant malaria is caused by


815) In ultrasonography


816) Lung cancer is caused by


817) Which one of the following pairs of diseases are viral as well as transmitted by mosquitoes?


818) Ringworm is a


819) Which of these may cause hypothermia in humans?


820) Transformation of normal cell cancerous cell is induced by


821) Drugs, that are normally used as medicines to help the patients cope with mental illness are


822) The foetus receives immunoglobulin from their mother, through


823) Measures for personal hygiene include
I. Intake of clean drinking water
II. Keeping the body clean
III. Disinfection of water resources
Which of the statements given above are correct?


824) Which of the following cells are involved in defence mechanism of the body?


825) If a certain patient is suspected to be suffering from typhoid. Which diagnostic technique will you recommend for its detection?


826) Consider the following statements about biomedical technologies.
I. During open heart surgery, blood is circulated in the heart-lung machine.
II. Blockage in coronary arteries is removed by angiography.
III. Computerised Axial Tomography (CAT) shows detailed internal structure as seen in a section of body.
IV. X-ray provides clear and detailed images of organs like prostate glands and lungs.
Which two of the above statements are correct?


827) The intermediate host of the parasite that causes Tashkent ulcers is


828) The major phagocytic cells are


829) Stomach clear out pathogens with the help of


830) Full form MALT is


831) Ishihara chart is used to detect


832) Mast cell is a cell of …A… of vertebrate animals. Mast cells mediate inflammatory responses such as …B…….. Mast cells store a number of different chemical mediators including …C… and …D… . Here A to D refers to


833) HIV is a …A… , which means it has genes composed of …B… like all viruses, HIV replicates inside the host cells. Its considered a retrovirus because it uses an enzymes, …C…, to convert …D….. into …E… . Here A to E refers to


834) The specific parts of the antibody molecule that binds the antigen are called


835) Candom(nirodh) is formed by


836) Interferon is a type of protein, which is used to cure


837) Chancroid is a sexually transmitted disease caused by


838) Antiviral substances are


839) Which one of the following statements is correct with respect to AIDS?


840) An autoimmune disease where the body’s own antibodies attack the cells of the thyroid is called


841) A sexually transmitted disease, symptomized by the development of ulcers on the genitals, is caused by the infection of


842) Smoking addiction is harmful because it produces polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, which cause


843) The process, in which antibody comes in contact with antigen and convert them in harmless insoluble matter, is called


844) Which one of the following diseases is caused by virus?


845) In India, there is decline in female population as compared to males, this is because of


846) Hepatitis is a


847) Nicotine is


848) Critical state of disease is called


849) Who among the following established the scientific basis of vaccination?


850) The first antibiotic was discovered by


851) Malaria is caused by


852) AIDS stands for


853) Which of the following is the most sparsely populated satate of India?


854) In ECG, what does T-wave represent?


855) Marriageable age of girl and boys is


856) Which cell secretes antibody?


857) Which one of the following diseases causes dry, scaly lesions on skin, nails and scalp?


858) The invasion of cancerous cells from one part of the body to another of body is called


859) Malignant tumours are
I. mass of neoplastic cells
II. cells that grow very rapidly and damaging the surrounding normal tissue
III. cells that show the property of metastisis
Which of the statements given above are correct?


860) An example of innate immunity is


861) Which one of the following is not correctly matched?


862) Your immune system helps to protect you against viruses and bacteria that can cause sickness. Which cells are part of the immune system?


863) Gonorrhea is caused by


864) To obtain a standard ECG, a patient is connected to the machine with three electrodes


865) Typhoid is caused by


866) X-rays are used in


867) Penicillin was used in


868) Side effects of anabolic steroids in females include
I. masculinization
II. aggressiveness
III. mood swings, depression
IV. abnormal menstrual cycle
V. excessive facial and body hair
Choose the correct option


869) Amphetamines are the drugs of


870) Which of the following birth control measure can be considered as the safest?


871) Aspirin is a/an


872) Flemming, Chain and Florey were awarded the Nobel Prize in 1945 for the discovery of


873) Heroin is obtained from plant of family


874) The combination of surgery, radiotheraphy and chemotheraphy can help to treat


875) Rejection of tissue or graft transplants is brought about mainly by


876) Each antibody has …A… polypeptide chains, …B… small chains called ….C… chains and …D… longer chains called …E… chains.The antibody, therefore, is represented as …F… Here A to F refers to


877) Antibodies are produced by


878) The test, which is misused for identification of an unborn baby is


879) Heroin


880) Which of the following is used in eye inflammation and for curing night blindness?


881) Transmission of HIV infection from infected mother to her child occurs through


882) Metastasis is associated with


883) Bone marrow is the site for the development and maturation of


884) Smack is a drug obtained from the


885) Maurer’s dots are observed in the erythrocytes of man if these are infected with


886) The Ig that mediates allergic reaction is


887) Antibodies are the glycoproteins which


888) Which malaria parasite has longest incubation period?


889) Which of the following is a characteristics of antibodies?


890) AIDS is caused by


891) Which one of the following techniques is used for the detection of cancers?


892) In the immune system, interferons are part of


893) A transplant between individuals of the same species, but with different MHC/HLA alleles is


894) The primary and secondary immune responses are carried out with the help of


895) Opium is extracted from


896) Which of the following causes prostate cancer?


897) Salmonella is related with


898) HIV can not be transmitted through the following options except by


899) In the metropolitan cities of India, many children are suffering from allergy or asthma. What are the main causes of this problem?
I. Due to sensitivity to the environment
II. Because of the protected environment provided early in life
III. Modern-day life style


900) Which one of the following is the correct statement regarding the particular psychotropic drug specified?


901) When the infection occurs in the alveoli (microscopic air sacs in the lungs) they fill the fluid. When the alveoli don’t work efficiency, the lungs are less able to extract oxygen from the air. This causes the feeling of being short of breath, which is one of the most common symptoms of pneumonia
The above paragraph is


902) To confirm ELISA for AIDS, we used


903) Which is not cancer?


904) DTP vaccine is given for


905) Sickle cell anaemia has not been eliminated from the African population because


906) Thymus is the site for the development and maturation of


907) A person is injected with globulin against hepatitis. This is


908) An alkaloid called ‘Reserpine’ is extracted from


909) Human immunodeficiency virus causes


910) In heavy smokers, the alveoil of the lungs are enlarged and damaged, which reduces the surface area for the exchange of respiratory gases. The condition is called


911) Identify the wrongly matched pair.


912) At which stage of HIV infection does one usually shows symptoms of AIDS?


913) Consider the following statements
I. Dead cells of the skin prevents pathogen entry
II. Skin secretes oil that makes skin surface acidic
III. Skin secretes sweat that makes surface acidic
Which of the statement given above are correct?


914) Symptoms of allergic reaction includes


915) A person has developed interferon in his body. He seems to carry an infection of


916) Spread of AIDS is due to


917) Human population growth is


918) Malarial parasite is introduced into the blood of man as a


919) Expanded from of ELISA is


920) Elephantiasis causing organism belong to


921) Vaccination provides


922) Which of the following is not hallucinogen?


923) Which one of the following acts as a physiological barrier to the entry of microorganisms in human body?


924) The truck drivers usually take


925) Short lived immunity acquired from mother to foetus across placenta or through mother’s milk to the infant is categorized as


926) Cancer cells are more easily damaged by radiation than normal cells because they are


927) Cattle fed with spoilt hay to sweet clover, which contains dicumarol


928) Which of the following are the reasons for rheumatoid arthritis? Choose the correct option
I. Lymphocytes become more active
II. Body attacks self cells
III. More antibodies are produced in the body
IV. The ability to differentiate pathogens or foreign molecules from self cells to lost


929) In which of the following disorders, person will become hypersensitive about ones look?


930) Warning signs of drug and alcohol abuse includes
I. Drop in academic performance
II. Absence from school/college
III. Lack of interest in personal hygiene
IV. Isolation, depression, fatigue, aggressive and rebellious behavior


931) How does antigen-determinant differ from antigen binding site?


932) Infective stage to man of the parasite that causes haematuria is


933) Health is affected by
I. genetic disorders
II. infections
III. life style
Which of the key words given above are correct?


934) Normal cell have genes called …A… which are present in inactiveated state but under certain conditions like …B… they get transformed to …C… Here A, B and C refers to


935) Purified antibiotic penicillin of Penicillium notatum was discovered by


936) Amoebiasis is caused by


937) Which of the following drugs can be used to reduce allergic reaction due to unavoidable substances?
I. Anti-histamine
II. Adrenaline
III. Steroids


938) Thymus is …A… at the time puberty but it …B… with age. Here A and B refers to


939) Choose the wrong statement


940) Human health can be maintained by


941) Genetic counsellors can identify heterozygous individuals by


942) Electric potential of the brain is recoreded by


943) Jaundice is a disease of


944) T-lymphocytes differentiate and matured in


945) Fever in malaria is due to


946) A vaccine meant for protection against tuberculosis is


947) Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?


948) An example of liquid tumour is


949) The drug ‘cyclosporin’ used for organ transplant patients is obtained from a


950) Sand fly spreads a particular type of disease by its


951) Which of the following disease caused internal bleeding, muscular pain, fever, anaemia and blockage of the intestinal passage?


952) Which of the following statement is not true about HIV/AIDS?


953) Ascariasis is caused by an endoparasite of human …A… commonly called …B… . Here A and B refers to


954) Aedes aegypati is a vector for


955) Mainly allergic reactions occur in


956) Which one of the following non-infectious disease is the major cause of death in humans?


957) Which is correct pair of pathogen and its vector?


958) Haemozoin is released into blood during the infection of Plasmodium vivax at every


959) The opposite to acquired immunity is


960) Hepatitis-B vaccine is produced from


961) Sphygmomanometer measures


962) Take the odd one out.


963) The drug useful to increase cardiovascular effects in human beings is


964) Magic bullets are the


965) Your immune system helps to protect you against viruses and bacteria that can cause sickness. Which cell is a part of immune system?


966) Which one of the following is correct matching of a vitamin, its nature and its deficiency disease?


967) In India, AIDS was reported in


968) Immunological destruction of body tissue or its products due to antibodies reacting with it as foreign antigen is called


969) Consider the following statements about ascariasis
I. Eggs of parasite are excreted along with contaminated water, soil and plants
II. Infection takes place through contaminated vegetable fruits and water.
Choose the correct combination


970) Anaemia is due to deficiency of


971) Which of the following diseases is spread by housefly?


972) HIV belongs to which of the following families of viruses?


973) Neurasthenia refers to


974) Grafting of tissue or organ between individuals of different species is called


975) Passive immunization include


976) Ultrasound of how much frequency is beamed into human body for sonography?


977) The tests that are used in the diagnosis of AIDS are


978) The method , which yields the best pictorial from and does not expose the patient to potentially harmful ionizing radiations is


979) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
I. belongs to the group retrovirus
II. has RNA genome enclosed in an envelope
Which of the statements given above are correct?


980) Physical carcinogens are


981) Immunity gained after an infection is called


982) Which of the following method is used for detection of antibodies?


983) Antibody production is assisted by


984) Which of the following substances can cure Parkinson’s disease?


985) Tetunas disease is caused by


986) Interferon is a type of


987) Humoral immunity is also called as


988) Select the true statements
I. Cancer can be detected by the use of antibodies against cancer specific antigens for certain type of cancer
II. The tumour cells are surgically removed to reduce the load of cancerous cells
III. Certain chemotherapeutic drugs are used to kill the cancerous cells, but majority of the drugs have side affects like hair loss, anaemia, etc.


989) The type of antibody present in colostrum secreted by mammary gland during the initial days of lactation is


990) Increased asthmatic attacks in certain seasons are related to


991) First line of defence include


992) If a quick immune response is needed as in tetanus infection, preformed antibodies or antitoxin is injected into the patient body. This type of immunization is called……


993) The full form of SCID is


994) Which of the following is STD?


995) Common symptoms of amoebiasis are


996) Foetal abnormalities are caused by


997) Activity of brain is recorded by


998) Antibody


999) The AIDS virus spreads by decreasing


1000) Which one of the following disease is sexually transmitted disease


1001) Consider the following statements
I. Cocaine interferes with the transport of the neurotransmitter dopamine
II. It is usually taken by sniffing and snorting
III. It has a potential stimulating action on the central nervous system.
Which of the statements given above are correct?


1002) Which one of the following is used for external application in the cure of leprosy?


1003) Incubation period of Plasmodium vivax is


1004) The antibody dependent cytotoxicity is seen in


1005) The letter T in T-lymphocyte refers to


1006) Which of the following pairs is correct?


1007) Which of the following are symptoms of radiation disease?


1008) Amniocentesis detects


1009) Removal or absence of thymus in early life shall bring about


1010) Which of the following is an opiate narcotic?


1011) Ultrasound is produced by


1012) The gland often referred in relation to AIDS is


1013) LSD is derived from


1014) Which among the following is an autoimmune disease?


1015) Which of the following disorders is not hereditary?


1016) Which of the following diseases is not caused by virus?


1017) Which of the following provides immunity to digestive tract against antigen?


1018) The group of diseases carried (transmitted) by insects is


1019) Which one of the following diseases is communicable?


1020) ‘Mammalian thymus’ is mainly concerned with


1021) Match the correct combination


1022) Transmission of HIV occurs by
I. sexual contact with infected person
II. transfusion of contaminated blood
III. sharing infected needless
IV. from infected mother to her baby through placenta. Which of the statements given above are correct?


1023) Which of the following is a viral disease?


1024) Cirrhosis is


1025) Identify the hepatitis virus, which cannot survive independently and requires another hepatitis virus for its multiplication.


1026) Excessive dosage of cocaine causes


1027) The disease elephantiasis is caused by


1028) Which of the following causes cancer of vagina?


1029) Cyclosporin A, which is used as an immunosuppressive agent, is produced by


1030) AIDS virus contains


1031) In a g raph of population, on x-axis time and on y-axis population is plotted. A parallal line to x-axis shows


1032) Which one of the following is a bacterial dieases?


1033) Where will you look for the sporozoites of the malarial parasite?


1034) The lymph nodes
I. are small solid structures throughout the body
II. filter lymph fluid as it flows through them, trapping bacteria, viruses and other antigens, which are them destroyed by lymphocytes
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


1035) Active immunity may be acquired by


1036) Which of the following is used in analysis of metabolic and physiological process of tissue?


1037) Smokeless tobacco causes


1038) The treatment of snake-bite by antivenin is an example of


1039) ECG is a measure of


1040) Which of the following property is possessed by cancerous cell?


1041) The carnivorous fish used for eradication of mosquito larva in stagnated water is


1042) Which of the following options is not appropriate for anxiety disorder?


1043) The intermediate host of Schistosoma is


1044) A male showing aggressiveness, mood swings, depression, reduction of size of the testicles, decreased sperm production, breast enlargement premature baldness. Possibly he is taking


1045) Alteration of which genes leads to cancer?


1046) Which one of the following can help in the diagnosis of a genetical disorder?


1047) Cells involved in immune system is/are


1048) Vaccine for tuberculosis is known as


1049) Smoking causes many types of cancer including cancer of


1050) Which of the following disease is caused by protozoan and transmitted by mosquito?


1051) In India, the population control programme launched in


1052) Pathogenicity of bacteria causing tuberculosis and leprosy is due to


1053) Hela cells used in cell biology are


1054) A non-communicable disease is


1055) Innate immunity is also called


1056) HIV affects …… in AIDS patients


1057) VCRC stands for


1058) Quinine used for treatment of malarial fever, is extracted form


1059) Which of the following is an example is an example of carcinoma?


1060) Which Ig is produced in primary immune response?


1061) Peyer’s patches are found in


1062) The filariasis pathogens are transmitted to a healthy person through the bite of


1063) Biolistic technique is used in


1064) Which one of the following is protozoan disease?


1065) Consider the following statements about AIDS.
I. AIDS patient become easily infected by bacteria, viruses and even parasites
II. The person is unable to protect himself against any infection
III. National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) and non-governmental organization are trying their best to educate people about AIDS
Which of the statements given above are correct?


1066) A certain patient is suspected to be suffering from acquired immuno deficiency syndrome. Which diagnostic technique will you recommend for its detection


1067) The causative agent of mad-cow disease is a


1068) Which one of the following is not the property of cancerous cells?


1069) Regarding lymphocytes consider the following statement
I. The T-lymphocytes form Cell Mediated Immune System (CMIS)
II. The T-lymphocytes cells do not secrete antibodies but help the B-lymphocyte cell to produce them
Which of the statement given above is/are correct?


1070) HIV was reported in 1981 and isolated by


1071) Which of the following helps in differentiation of cells of the immune system


1072) Common symptoms of typhoid are


1073) 607. The immune system may at times reject certain tissues of a person’s own body as ‘non-self’. This breakdown of the body’s self-recognition system is called …A… The auto-immune reactions cause a variety of diseases known as ….B… . …C… is an autoimmune disease. The most appropriate option providing A, B and C correctly is


1074) The word NACO stands for


1075) Ringworm is caused by


1076) Consider the following four statements (I-IV) regarding kidney transplant and select the two correct ones out of these
I .Even if a kidney transplant is proper the recipient may need to take immuno-suppressants for a long time.
II. The cell-mediated immune response is responsible for the graft rejection.
III. The B-lymphocytes are responsible for rejection of the graft.
IV. The acceptance or rejection of a kidney transplant depends on specific interferons.
The two correct statements are


1077) The rejection of organ transplanting in humans is prevented by using


1078) Examination of blood of a person suspected of having anaemia, shows large, immature, nucleated erythrocytes without haemoglobin. Supplementing his diet with which of the following, is likely to alleviate his symptoms?


1079) The inability to distinguish between self cells and non-self cells may lead to


1080) What is the most abundant and fastest chemical released by mast cell?