Practice Test


1) Beri-Beri is caused by the deficiency of vitamin


2) Intake of food is called


3) Breaking up of complex substances into simple substances is called


4) Diffusion of digested food into blood and lymph is called


5) Elimination of undigested food from the body is called


6) Which of the following is not a part of nutrition ?


7) _________, proteins, fats and water are regarded as macronutrients.


8) __________ and vitamins are required in small quantities and are referred to as micronutrients.


9) Lactose is a


10) _________ is milk sugar.


11) Glycogen is stored in muscles and


12) ________ is necessary as roughage for smooth movement of food.


13) Proteins are made up of


14) How many amino acids are present in a protein ?


15) How many amino acids are called essential amino acids ?


16) Excess of proteins are deaminated in


17) Which is the richest source of energy ?


18) Which statement is CORRECT ?


19) _____________ is a conjugated protein.


20) Enzymes are ________ in chemical nature.


21) Fats are chemically composed of carbon, hydrogen and


22) Athelete needs more than ________ % fats.


23) Lipids are made up of ____________ and glycerol.


24) ____________ contains lipids in rich amount.


25) A normal person requires _______ of fats in his diet.


26) Sodium, ________ and chloride ions maintain osmotic balance of blood plasma.


27) What is essential for heart action and bone development ?


28) Calcium is required in more amounts in ________ ladies and children.


29) _________ first used the term 'Vitamins'.


30) Fat soluble vitamins are


31) Antixerophthalmic vitamin is


32) A steroid vitamin is


33) Impaired blood clotting is due to the deficiency of


34) Scurvy disease is caused due to the deficiency of vitamin


35) Which of the following is used to prevent bleeding in infants ?


36) Which of the following is a macronutrient ?


37) From the list of minerals given below name the one that is present in a DNA molecule.


38) Which of the following is associated with night vision ?


39) __________ forms exoskeleton of arthropods.


40) __________ is the chief source of energy.


41) ___________ mineral is required for the production of thyroxine hormone.


42) Liver stores vitamin


43) Enzymes is a


44) Which of the following is mismatched ?


45) Casein is a


46) Goitre is caused due to the deficiency of


47) Iodine deficiency lead to


48) To prevent goitre, which mineral is essential ?


49) Vitamin D is also known as


50) Vitamin B complex does not include


51) Person suffering with weak eyesight should mainly take the following in his diet


52) Ability of digesting milk decreases with age due to the lack of


53) What is the total length of human alimentary canal ?


54) __________ lies in the floor of buccal cavity.


55) The upper surface of the tongue bears numerous projections called


56) The body of tooth is made up of


57) How many permanent teeth occur in adult human ?


58) What occurs in the pulp of teeth ?


59) How many teeth occur in upper jaw ?


60) The teeth do not help in


61) The hardest part of the tooth is


62) Name the teeth that are used for tearing.


63) The cutting teeth are called


64) The number of wisdom teeth in man are


65) Wisdom teeth are


66) The permanent teeth in human being is


67) Human dentition is said to be


68) Roof of the mouth cavity is called


69) The opening of respiratory system in pharynx is called


70) The opening of glottis is guarded by a cartilaginous flap called


71) The common passage of air and food is called


72) ___________ plays no role in digestion.


73) Oesophagus is about _________ long.


74) Oesophagus passes through the


75) The food moves through the oesophagus due to


76) The upper part of stomach is called ________ stomach.


77) Inner folds of stomach are called


78) The sphincter present at the junction of oesophagus and cardiac stoamch is


79) Fundus is the part of __________ in alimentary canal.


80) Pylorus is situated at the junction of


81) Stomach in vertebrates is the main site for digestion of


82) Small intestine is about _________ long.


83) Most digestion and all absorption of food takes place in the


84) The first part of alimentary canal is


85) The proximal part of small intestine is


86) Vermiform appendix is a part of


87) Which part of alimentary canal is compactly coiled ?


88) Which part of small intestine has a u shaped arrangement with stomach ?


89) The human intestine is long because


90) Why is large intestine named so ?


91) At the junction of the ileum and colon, there is a blind pouch called


92) A finger like process attached to the caecum is called


93) _________ is the vestigeal structure of human alimentary canal.


94) Vermiform appendix is functional in herbivorous animals for the digestion of


95) Which of the following is not the part of large intestine ?


96) The second part of small intestine is


97) The main function of colon is


98) Large intestine is divided into the following parts :


99) The secretion of salivary glands is called


100) Liver is made up of _________ lobes.


101) Liver is located on the


102) Energy stored in the liver and muscle is in the form of


103) The name of the salivary gland present below lower jaw is


104) Parotid salivary glands are present


105) _______________ is the salivary gland lying below the tongue.


106) Largest gland of the human body is


107) Select the heterocrine gland from the following.


108) ____________ is the outermost layer of stomach.


109) Thick layer of stomach is called


110) __________ is the inner most layer of stomach.


111) Gastric juice contains


112) Pepsinogen is secreted by


113) Crypts of Lieberkuhn secretes


114) Many projections on their inner wall of small intestine function to


115) Lacteals are the central lymph vessels which are found in


116) Brunner's glands are found in which of the following layers ?


117) Intestinal villi are more numerous and large in posterior part of small intestine than in anterior part because


118) Intestinal villi are mainly concerned with


119) Which of the following is not a function of liver ?


120) Oxyntic cells of gastric glands secrete


121) ___________ hormone stimulates gall bladder to secrete bile.


122) Bilirubin and biliverdin are


123) Bile production occurs in


124) The pancreatic duct opens into


125) Kupffer cells are found in


126) Kupffer cells digest


127) The secretory cells of salivary glands is called


128) Colourless alkaline fluid secreted from tongue is


129) The serous cell produce an enzyme called


130) Liver is made up of hexagonal units called


131) Large irregular blood vessels lying between the hepatic cord is called


132) Hepatic cells/hepatocytes are __________ in shape.


133) Hepatic cells secretes


134) Excess of proteins are deaminated in the


135) Pancreas lies between


136) The exocrine part of pancreas is made up of pancreatic lobules called


137) Each acinus of pancreas is ___________ shaped.


138) Islets of langerhans are found in


139) Saliva contains a starch splitting enzyme called


140) Starch is converted to maltose by the action of


141) A digestive enzyme salivary amylase in the saliva begins the digestion of


142) Oesophagus secretes the following enzyme.


143) Deglutition means


144) Which of the following is not function of HCL ?


145) A digestive enzyme pepsin in the gastric juice begins digestion of


146) Inactive enzyme present in stomach is termed as


147) Action of pepsin on proteins mainly forms


148) Renin is an enzyme which is secreted by


149) Digestion in acidic medium occurs in


150) Bile is released into duodenum, in response to hormone


151) Most effective lipolytic enzyme is


152) Gall bladder stores the bile secreted by


153) Which word best describes the action of bile on fats ?


154) Inactive trypsinogen is converted into __________ by enterokinase.


155) Digestion of carbohydrates is completed in


156) Emulsification of fats is brought about by


157) The glucose is converted into glycogen in liver and stored in


158) Acidic medium of chyme is made alkaline by


159) Fats are preferred for storage in the body because


160) Minimum peristalsis is found in


161) The food after its passage through the small intestine, forms an alkaline fliud emulsion, called


162) Chyme and chyle differ in


163) During digestion, excessive amino acids are subjected to a process termed as


164) Enzyme enterokinase is produced by


165) Maximum food is absorbed in


166) Pancreatic juice does not digest


167) The organ that does not secrete any digestive enzyme is


168) Water is mainly absorbed in


169) Distribution of food to the different cells of the body is called


170) After absorption, deamination occurs in


171) Lymph capillary helps in the absorption of


172) Main function of rectum is


173) Kwashiorkor is caused due to the deficiency of


174) Kwashiorkor commonly affects infants and children between ________ years of age.


175) For normal health in adults, how many grams of protein per kg is required ?


176) ___________ disease is found in infant suffering from prolonged deficiency of proteins.


177) Among the following which is a symptom of constipation ?


178) Jaundice is caused due to


179) Unconjugated bilirubin has toxic effect on


180) Unconjugated bilirubin is


181) Abnormal ________ function is a major symptom of jaundice.


182) A disease caused by insufficient amount of insulin is


183) Select the false statement among the following.


184) Meat, milk, egg, fish etc are known as


185) Anaemia occurs due to the deficiency of


186) Prolonged deficiency of vitamin - D causes


187) Which pairing is not correct ?


188) Among the following four parts which one is the longest part of the digestive system ?


189) Find the ODD one out.


190) Crypts of Lieberkuhn, found between the villi, secrete


191) Gastric juice contains


192) End product of fat digestion is


193) Spot the salivary gland.


194) Islets of langerhans are made up of


195) What is the human dental formula?


196) Phagocytic cells of liver are called


197) Endocrine part of pancreas contains group of cells in the connective tissue called


198) Liver is covered by a thin membrane called as