Practice Test

1) All living animals require ____________to perform different activies.

2) Energy is produced in the body of animal during the process of______

3) Respiration is a ________ process.

4) During respiration organic compounds are _______ to liberate chemical energy.

5) During respiration energy is released in a step-wise process because

6) Biologocally usable form of energy is called

7) ATP is called biologically usable form of energy because

8) Hydrolysis of ATP converts it into

9) Energy is released due to the

10) Respiration involves

11) Blood transports gases from

12) To produce energy, food is oxidized by

13) Nostrils are

14) Nasal chambers are

15) Nasal chamber is divided into two parts by

16) The anterior most part of nasal chamber is

17) The lining of nasal cavity is

18) The part of nasal chamber that traps dust praticles is

19) The part of nasal chamber that is richly supplied with blood capillaries is

20) The part of nasal chamber that warms air and makes air moist is

21) The posterior most part of nasal chamber is

22) Respiratory part of nasal chamber helps in

23) Length of pharynx is

24) The upper part of pharynx is

25) The lower part of pharynx is

26) Tonsils are present in

27) Tonsils are primarily made up of

28) Tonsils help is

29) The air from pharynx enters larynx through the

30) Which is a common passage for swallowing food and breathing?

31) The stucture present in pharynx that kills bacteria trapped in mucous is

32) Adam's apple is the name given to

33) The sound producing organ of the respiratory system is

34) In males, larynx

35) Vocal cords are

36) The vertical septum located in nasal cavities is made up of

37) Which of these contains vocal cords?

38) The respiratory passage is protected by

39) Though digestive and respiratory passage join at some place, there is no entry of food into the the respiratory passage. This is due to the presence of

40) The human trachea is

41) The human trachea is

42) The human trachea lies _________oesophagus.

43) The wall of human trachea is made up of

44) Trachea is supported by _______ shaped cartilage.

45) Trachea is supported by _______ number of 'C' shaped cartilages.

46) Main function of the 'c' shaped cartilages of trachea is

47) The anterior end of trachea is enlarged into a chamber called

48) The trachea is lined by

49) By ciliary movement in the trachea, the dust particles are swept towards larynx and finally enters

50) Trachea is divided at its

51) Trachea is divided

52) Trachea bifurcates to form

53) How many bronchi are there in the respiratory tract?

54) Terminal bronchioles arise from

55) Bronchioles contain

56) In the tertiary brochioles the covering does not have

57) The stuctural and functional unit of pulmonary respiration is

58) Respiratory bronchiole gives rise to

59) Cartilage is absent in

60) In man chief respiratory organs are

61) Which of the following describe a correct order of structure in the respiratory pathway?

62) Lungs are located in

63) Lungs are ______ organs.

64) Lung is enclosed in

65) Covering of lungs is called

66) Alveoli contains

67) Each alveolar sac contains ____ alveoli.

68) Lungs are internally lined by

69) The alveolar wall is made up of

70) Visceral pleura is made up of

71) Alveoli are supplied by a

72) Thickness and diameter of alveoli are

73) Each lobule of lung has

74) Outer pleural layer is

75) The space between visceral and parietal pleural layer is known as

76) Which of the following is the function of pleural fluid?

77) Inspiratory air in lungs ultimately reaches

78) Diaphragm is present between

79) Lungs are protected laterally by_______,ventrally by ________, and dorsally by__________.

80) Cardiac notch occurs in

81) Right lung is

82) Left lung is

83) Right lung has_______ lobes and_______ fissures.

84) The medial surface of each lung has a triangular depression, known as

85) The exchange of gases occur in the

86) The term respiration includes

87) The process that speeds up the rate of gasesous exchange is

88) The terms breathing and respiration are

89) The CORRECT statement is:

90) The process of breathing includes

91) During inspiration,

92) During breathing,

93) Inspiration is

94) Which of the following does not happen during inspiration?

95) The muscles involved in breathing mechanism along with diaphragm muscles are

96) Contraction of inter-costal muscles causes

97) Relaxation of inter-costal muscles causes

98) During inspiration,_______ becomes flat.

99) Breathing is controlled by

100) During inspiration, the inter-costal muscles

101) During inspiration, the lower part of sternum is

102) During inspiration, the volumn of thoracic cavity

103) Which of the following does not belong to the conducting portion of the respiratory system?

104) During expiration,

105) A dome shaped diaphragm is seen during

106) The pressure on the lungs increases during

107) The pressure on the lungs decrease during

108) Lungs expand and their volumn increases during

109) The lungs are compressed during

110) A respiratory cycle is

111) Which of the following helps in breathing?

112) Respiratory processes which take place at the lung are included under

113) Respiratoy processes which take place at the tissue level are included under

114) Food is oxidised during which type of respiration?

115) Respiratory processes which lead to final oxidation of food are included under

116) External respiration is a ________ process and internal respiration is a ________ process.

117) The concentration of of oxygen in inspired air _____ the concentretion of oxygen in alveolar boold.

118) The exchange of gases between blood and cell is called

119) ________ is a respiratory pigment.

120) Absorbed oxygen combines with heamoglobin of RBCs forming

121) Most oxygen in the blood is transported

122) Carbon dioxide from the blood is released with the help of

123) Cellular respiration occurs in

124) Cellular respiration takes place in

125) The product/s of cellular respiration is/are

126) oxidative phosphorylation takes place in

127) The energy currency of a cell is

128) Tidal volume is

129) Inspiratory reserve volume is the

130) Expiratory reserve volumne is the

131) Expiratory reserve volumn is about

132) The volume of air taken in and given out during effortless breathing is called

133) Inspiration reserve volume is the

134) The total volume of air expired after maximum inspiration is called

135) The total volume of air left behind in the lungs and respiratory passage after forced expiration is

136) The normal residual volume is

137) In CO poisoning, there is

138) CO poisoning occurs in

139) Asphyxia(choking) occurs due to

140) Asthma is

141) Asthma is associated with

142) During an attack of asthma

143) An attack of asthma, occurs due to the

144) During an attack of asthma, there is

145) During an attack of asthma, the lungs are

146) During an attack of asthma, there is

147) During an attack of asthma, there is ________ of lungs.

148) During an attack of asthma, there are mucus plugs in the bronchi. This is

149) An attack of asthma can be precipitated by

150) Pharyngitis and laryngitis are caused by

151) Laryngitis is more common in

152) A feeling of rawness in the throat and a husky voice is a characteristics of

153) Vocal misuse or overuse are the common causes for

154) The disease commonly associated with common cold is

155) Cough of an irritating type and stridor are sympotoms of

156) The condition of hypersensitivity to foreign proteins which leads to acute inflammation of nasal mucosa causes

157) Hay fever is a type of

158) Pollen,mites ,animal dander may lead to

159) Acute condition of __________ is rhinorrhoea.

160) Atopic hypersensitivity is

161) Infection of alveoli is found in

162) Eczema in infants is a form of

163) Common causative organism of pneumonia is

164) Pneumonia occurs when

165) Pneumonia occurs when

166) Coughing can be impaired due to

167) Ciliary epithelium of respiratory tract is destroyed by

168) Depressed macrophage acivity occurs due to

169) The associated causes of pneumonia includes all except

170) Lobar pneumonia is caused due to

171) Pneumonia due to Mycoplasma is more common in

172) Pneumonia occurs when

173) Pneumonia is caused by

174) To cause disease, the inhalant practicles should be

175) Inhalant practicles can cause disease when

176) _______is caused by long teem exposure to dust containing silicon compounds.

177) Weorkers in granite, slate and sandstone industries may suffer from

178) Occupational lung disease caused by long term glass and pottery work is

179) Occupatonal lung disease caused by working in quarrying and stone masonry is

180) In the development of silicosis,inflammatory reaction occurs

181) Last stage of occupational lung diseases show

182) Silicosis predispose the development of

183) __________is caused by inhaling asbstos fibers.

184) Asbestosis usually develops after

185) _______asbestos is associated with the most serious asbestosis.

186) Nasal chember is

187) The part of nasal chamber that detects smell is

188) Larynx

189) Human lung has about

190) The total surface area covered by alveoli is ______ times that of skin.

191) Expiration is a/an ________ process.

192) Respiratory rate in man is

193) an attack of asthma which may last for a few minutes to a few hours is called

194) Inflammation of pharynx is called

195) The commonest cause of infection of palatine tonsils and walls of pharynx is

196) Severe laryngitis leads to

197) Pneumonia occurs in a cancer patient on medicines, as cancer medicines are

198) Agents which causes tonsilitis are

199) Occupational lung disease caused by inhaling air during sand blasting is

200) In carbon monoxide poisoning, tissues, suffer from deficiency of

201) Bronchi are supported by

202) What is the another name for windpipe?

203) Tobacco smoking causes

204) During breathing_______is taken in the body.

205) Lungs release

206) Which of the following is not the function of nasal passage?

207) Total area covered by alveoli is about

208) Select the correct sequence of event for the transport of respiratory gases from the following

209) Haemoglobin has the greatest affinity for

210) In tissue respiration, the chemicals evolved are

211) An attack of asthma can be precipitated by

212) Respiration is a process of gaseous exchange where________ is taken in and _______ is released.