Practice Test

1) There are about __________ species of flowering plants.

2) The study of external structure of an organism or an organ is called

3) _________ is the study of internal structures of an organism.

4) Descending part of the plant axis is

5) The tender apex of the root is protected with

6) In many hydrophytes like _________ root cap is replaced by root pocket.

7) Root, stem and leaves are the ________ parts of a plant.

8) ________ system of a plant is positively geographic.

9) Root system develops from

10) _________ helps in longitudinal growth of root.

11) Which region of the root lies close to the stem ?

12) Lateral root also develop from the region of

13) Zone of elongation in a plant root is concerned with

14) A root can be differentiated from the stem because of the absence of

15) Roots of ______ become fleshly or swollen due to the storage of food material.

16) After becoming green, roots of ________ manufacture food by photosynthesis.

17) Roots that grow from any part of the plant body than the radicle are called

18) Pneumatophores are the characteristic of

19) Pneumatophores are

20) Velamen absorbs moisture from

21) In sunflower, the root system is

22) Epiphytes depend upon other plants for

23) Vanda shows

24) Velamen tissue is present in the root of

25) Additional roots given out by maize plants are

26) Wheat shows the presence of _______ root system.

27) Roots arising from horizontal branches of a tree is called

28) Pneumatophores occur in the plants of

29) Tap root is a direct prolongation of

30) Pneumatophores help the plant in

31) Napiform roots are

32) Adventitious roots develop from

33) Rhizophora shows the presence of

34) ________ are negatively geotropic.

35) ___________ process lenticels for gaseous exchange.

36) In which habitat is Heritiera found ?

37) Roots of _________ take part in vegetative reproduction.

38) Dahlia and Asparagus have _________ root.

39) In the Indian botanical garden, _________ tree is 200 years old.

40) Banyan tree present in the Indian Botanical Garden, Howrah has nearly _________ prop roots.

41) In plant like ________, roots grow in whorls from lower nodes.

42) Which of the following pair of plants possess stilt root ?

43) Climbing roots occur in

44) Epiphytic root is also called ________ root.

45) Which of the following plants possess parasitic root ?

46) Root pockets are present in

47) The region of a root which is responsible for absorption of mineral salt is

48) Root hairs are produced by

49) The region of root which helps in fixation of plant body in the soil is

50) The tap roots system, lateral branches of roots are produced in

51) The roots which do the function of photosynthesis is / are

52) The root which is broad at the base due to storage of food and tapers gradually towards the apex is called

53) Name the plant\s among the following in which roots are positively phototropic and perform the function of respiration.

54) Fasciculated tuberous roots are present in

55) Banyan tree shows ________ roots.

56) Epiphytic roots are spongy due to the presence of

57) Which of the following roots is called assimilatory root ?

58) Vanda shows which type of roots ?

59) Viscum album is a

60) The multicellular outgrowth produced from epidermis are

61) The root of partial parasite Viscum album penetrate only ________ elements of the host to absorb________.

62) The thick roots that hang down from the banyan tree are called

63) Stilt roots are found in

64) The function of velamen is

65) Haustoria or sucking roots are observed in

66) Multiple root cap is present in

67) In which of the following roots, is food stored ?

68) A fibrous root system is adapted better than the tap root system to perform the function of

69) Fibrous roots develop in maize from the

70) The rhizome differs from root in respect of

71) Stem develops from

72) Stem grows towards

73) Part of plant body which bears nodes and internodes protected by several immature leaves is

74) Stem is

75) A bud which develops at any place other than the stem apex or leaf axil, is called

76) A bud present at the stem apex is called

77) A bud present at the axil of the leaf is called

78) A bud which can develop into a flower is known as

79) Bulbil is a modified bud meant for

80) Amorphophallus is an example of

81) A ginger plant has an underground stem called

82) Potato is an underground stem because it

83) Food present in bulbs occur in

84) ______ is a scaly bulb.

85) The primary function of stem is

86) Thorn is a stem structure because it

87) Thorn in Bougainvillea is a modified

88) Colocasia is the example of

89) Runner is a/an

90) Rhizome differs from roots as it is

91) The stem modified to perform the function of a leaf and having many internodes is called

92) Which of the following is not an underground stem ?

93) Phylloclade is the modification of _______ for photosynthesis.

94) Stem developing below the soil is called

95) Cynodon dactylon is an example of

96) Stolon arises from the base of

97) Sucker is called underground runner as it

98) In Passiflora, _______ is modified into tendril.

99) In Vitis, _______ is modified into tendril.

100) In Cucurbita ________ bud is modified into tendril.

101) Which one of the following is a xerophytic plant in which the stem is modified into flat green and succulent structure ?

102) Phylloclade is thick, fleshy, and succulent in

103) Phylloclade is cylindrical in

104) In Asparagus,

105) In Dioscorea,

106) Stem modified into flattened photosynthetic structure is called

107) Potatoes are cultivated by

108) Zingiber officinale is a _______ modification of underground stem.

109) Succulent and cylindrical stem is found in

110) Function of lenticels is

111) The largest terminal bud is

112) Bud is an

113) The bud which appears at places other than the node is called

114) Among the following, which function/s are performed by underground stem ?

115) Underground stem can be differentiated from roots by the

116) The stem which grows horizontally under the surface of soil and stores the food is

117) If the growth of rhizome takes place with the help of the lateral bud, it is described as

118) Tubers differ from rhizome because

119) In onion and garlic which part stores the food ?

120) Out of the following which is tunicated ?

121) Runner of aquatic plant is called

122) Find out the wrongly matched pair.

123) A pair of lateral outgrowth present on either side of axillary bud are called

124) A horizontal underground stem is

125) Most reduced form of stem is found in

126) Function of stem is

127) Stem found in water is called

128) In Dioscorea, vegetative reproduction is brought about by

129) The edible part of potato is

130) Offset is observed in

131) Example of corm is

132) Which one of the following is a modified stem that performs photosynthesis ?

133) A branch which grows horizontally below the soil and then comes above the soil obliquely is called

134) When the stem is modified into green leaf like structures it is called

135) In Asparagus, the branches are modified into

136) The part of leaf attached to the stem or branch is known as

137) The part of leaf attached to the stem or branch is known as

138) The part of leaf connecting the lamina with branch or stem is called

139) The largest, green and flattened expanded part of the leaf is called

140) The lateral outgrowth at the base, on either side of axillary bud is called

141) Leaves help in

142) The leaf with petiole is called

143) The leaf without petiole is called

144) Reticulate venation is seen in

145) Parallel venation is seen in

146) In Opuntia the entire leaf gets modified into

147) In Acacia, _______ get modified into spines.

148) In wild pea, ________ is tendrillar.

149) In Pisum sativum, ___________are tendrillar.

150) In Goriosa, only _________ modifies into tendril.

151) in Smilax, __________ become tendrillar.

152) In Bignonia, terminal leaflets are modified into

153) In Acacia, _______ get modified to perform photosynthesis.

154) The arrangement of the leaves at a node on the stem is called

155) Smilax possesses

156) The tendrils of sweet pea plant are modified

157) Leaves arise from which part of a plant ?

158) Which of the following shows leaf hooks ?

159) Thalamus consists of ________ nodes and _______ internodes.

160) Thorns with leaves and flowers are found in

161) Leaf tip tendrils are found in

162) In which plant is the entire leaf modified into small, stiff, pointed structure called spine ?

163) Which statement is TRUE about xerophytes ?

164) A typical foliage leaf consists of

165) The leaves which are with stipules are called

166) The arrangement of veins and veinlets on the lamina is known as

167) Function of veins in plant leaves is to

168) What is NOT TRUE from the following ?

169) Stipules are

170) When the petiole becomes flat, green, leaf like structure, it is known as

171) Alternate phyllotaxy is observed in

172) If more than two leaves are produced at each node, it is described as

173) When one pair of leaf is placed at right angle to the next pair of leaf, it is said to be ______ phyllotaxy.

174) Ocimum and Calotropis show what type of phyllotaxy ?

175) Nerium shows ________ type of phyllotaxy.

176) A leaf is modified into phyllode in

177) When a flower is produced singly, it is called

178) When a flower is produced in a group, it is called

179) The peduncle is a/an

180) The stalk of an inflorescence is called

181) ______makes the flowers more conspicuous.

182) Inflorescence improves the chances for

183) The function of inflorescence is

184) Racemose inflorescence is found in

185) In racemose inflorescence, the order for opening of flower is

186) In racemose inflorescence, the flowers are arranged in ________ order.

187) In cymose inflorescence, the flowers are arranged in ______ order.

188) In cymose inflorescence having receptacle the order for opening of flower is

189) A modified condensed shoot specialized to carry out sexual reproduction is

190) A flower, like a vegetative shoot may develop in the axil of a small leaf called

191) Flower produced on the stalk is called

192) The terminal end of the pedicel is swollen and represents floral axis is called

193) Calyx and corolla are

194) Androecium and gynoecium are

195) ______ are the accessory whorls of flower.

196) A flower having all the four floral whorls is called _______ flower.

197) A flower having both the essential whorls is called _______ flower.

198) A flower having only one of the two essential floral whorls, is called _______ flower.

199) When both the essential whorls are absent, the flower is said to be

200) When a plant possesses only one type of unisexual flower, it is called

201) When a plant possesses both the types of unisexual flowers, the plant is called

202) When the petals and sepals are inserted below the ovary, the condition is called

203) In perigyny condition,

204) Epigynous flower has

205) The individual members of calyx are called

206) The individual members of corolla are called

207) The individual members of perianth are called

208) Keel is characteristic of the flowers of

209) The technical term used for the androecium in a flower of China rose is

210) When the margins of petals overlap each other in regular manner, it is described as ________ aestivation.

211) In which type of aestivation is the petal arrangement on external, one internal and three partly external and one partly internal seen ?

212) When a single ovule is borne at the base of a unilocular interior ovary, it is described as ________ placentation.

213) Bilaterally symmetriacal flower means

214) When the sepals are free from one another, it is described as

215) When the petals are free from one another, it is called

216) When the petals are united or fused with one another it is known as

217) Sometimes sepals are modified into hairy structures called

218) In some flowers, calyx and corolla are morphologically similar. They are together called

219) When sepals fall just after opening of the flower, they are termed as

220) When sepals survive till the withering of petals, they are termed as

221) When sepals remain even after fruit formation, calyx is called

222) A flower which can be divided into two equal halves in only one vertical plane is called

223) When the margin of sepals or petals are either in contact or lie close to each other but do not overlap, the aestivation is said to be

224) In Cassia, aestivation is

225) In China rose, aestivation is

226) In pea and bean, aestivation is

227) In Datura, aestivation is

228) _______ is the male reproductive whorl.

229) Each individual member of an androecium is called

230) When the gynoecium is present at the topmost position of the thalamus, the flower is known as

231) When the flower is hypogynous, the ovary is said to be

232) When the thalamus is cup-shaped with the ovary in the centre of it, the flower is known as

233) When the flower is perigynous, the ovary is said to be

234) When stamens are free from each other, the androecium is said to be

235) When stamens are united to the petals, they are described as

236) When stamens are united by their filament and anthers are free, it is known as

237) When anthers are united and filaments are free it is known as

238) ________ is the fourth and the female reproductive whorl of the flower.

239) Each individual member of gynoecium is called

240) In pea, gram carpel is

241) When carpels of a gynoecium are fused with each other, it is called

242) When the carpels of a gynoecium are free from each other, it is called

243) When ovules are born at the fused margin of unilocular ovary, it is called ________ placentation.

244) When ovules are produced on the central axis of a multilocular ovary, it is called _______ placentation.

245) When ovules are born on the inner wall of unilocular ovary, it is called _______ placentation.

246) When a single ovule is born at the base of an unilocular inferior ovary, placentation is said to be

247) 'Gynoecium is apocarpous' means that

248) Gynoecium consists of

249) Ovules are produced on soft fertile tissue called

250) The ovule is called

251) When the stamens are free from each other the androecium is said to be

252) In papilionaceous corolla, the aestivation is

253) Two lobed anther is called

254) If the tepals are fused, the condition is described as

255) If the sepals are modified into hairy structures, it is described as

256) Deciduous calyx is the one

257) In brinjal, the calyx is

258) If ovary is situated at highest position and all other whorls are below the ovary, the condition is described as

259) A flower having both androecium and gynoecium is called

260) If both essential whorls are absent, the flower is described as

261) If a plant bears only one type of unisexual flowers, it is described as

262) A polygamous plant is the one which possesses

263) In papilionaceous plants, the largest petal is

264) The type of placentation in which ovary is syncarpous unilocular and ovules on the inner wall is

265) Out of the following which is an example of phylloclade ?

266) The stalk of flower is known as

267) In unilocular ovary with a single ovule, the placentation is

268) Which of the following plant has hypogynous flower ?

269) Which of the following is an example of zygomorphic flower ?

270) Find the ODD one among the following.

271) Ovules are produced on a soft fertile tissue called

272) Pineapple is an example of

273) Among the following which one is a false fruit ?

274) Simple fruit develops from

275) ___________ is a simple fruit.

276) Which of the following is not a fruit ?

277) In mango, edible part is

278) Edible part of an apple is

279) Out of the following, which is an aggregate fruit ?

280) Which of the following is the correct sequence of layers in typical monocot root (from outer surface to inside)?

281) Which of the following is a false fruit ?

282) Which is NOT TRUE statement from the following ?

283) In apple which part takes part in the formation of fruit along with ovary ?

284) Which one is composite fruit ?

285) A seed is attached to the inner wall of fruit by a small stalk called

286) The part of the seed which forms the shoot at that time of germination is called

287) The part of embryo axis between radicle and first node is called

288) The part of embryo between plumule and cotyledons is called

289) Coleorhiza is the covering over

290) Castor seed stores food in

291) In maize grain the aleurone layer is

292) Scutellum is

293) Shield shaped cotyledon of maize is known as

294) Non endospermic seeds are found in

295) The monocotyledonous seed consists of one large and shield-shaped cotyledon known as

296) In maize grain, the seed coat and pericarp are fused to form

297) Food is stored in ex-albuminous seed in

298) Seed with two cotyledons is called

299) Seed coat develops from

300) Hull is formed by the fusion of

301) Castor is ________ speed.

302) In maize grain, the food is stored in

303) The contents enclosed within the seed coat are together called

304) Seed absorbs water through

305) Embryo of angiosperm consists of

306) The part of embryo axis between radicle and first node is called

307) Epicotyl means

308) Seed shows __________ generation.

309) Find the ODD one from the following.

310) Out of the following which is endospermic dicot seed ?

311) The inner membraous seed coat is called

312) Meristematic tissues are found in

313) Meristematic cells contain

314) Meristems may be classified on the basis of

315) Meristems are classified as _________ on the basis of their origin.

316) Which meristems are arranged parallel to the longitudinal axis of plant in stem and branches ?

317) Meristem present since embryonic condition is called

318) Apical meristem, intercalary meristem and lateral meristems are differentiated on the basis of

319) Undifferentiated ground tissue is found in

320) Promeristem gives rise to which meristem ?

321) The cell wall of meristematic tissue consist of

322) Ground meristem gives rise to

323) The meristem that is parallel to the longtudinal axis of the plant is

324) Find the CORRECT match.

325) The meristem which leads to secondary growth is

326) Collenchyma cells are

327) Mechanical tissue consisting of living cells is

328) Collenchyma differs from parenchyma with respect to

329) The tissue which provides mechanical strength is

330) Spongy tissues is a type of

331) Aerenchyma is helpful to plants by

332) Simple dead permanent tissue is

333) Tapering ends in xylem are in

334) Food conducting tissue is

335) Companion cells are always associated with

336) A tracheids is distinguished from a vesses element on the basis of

337) Vessels and companion cells are the chracteristic features of

338) Living member of the phloem tissue is

339) Phloem contains

340) Permanent tissue which serves for mechanical strength and rigidity is

341) A simple, living mechanical tissue is

342) Water conducting tissue is

343) Nucleus is present in

344) Dead lignified tissues is

345) Phloem in the plant does the function of

346) Protoxylem vessels show ________ thickening.

347) Out of the following which is the most advanced type of thickening ?

348) Vessels are absent in

349) Sclereids are present in

350) What is NOT TRUE about sclereids ?

351) Living tissue with lignin deposition at corners, absence of intercellular spaces are the characteristic of

352) The most simple and primitive tissue which is present in all parts of plant is

353) Parenchyma cells are

354) The most important characteristic of meristematic cell is that

355) ________ is deposited on the cell wall of xylem.

356) Which of the following statement is TRUE ?

357) Companion cells are present in

358) Parenchyma with abundant chlorplasts is called

359) Intercellular spaces are found in

360) _______ is also called fundamental tissue.

361) Sieve tubes are absent in

362) ______ are used for making ropes.

363) In collateral vascular bundles,

364) A bundle in which xylem is sandwiched by pholem on both the side is known as _______ bundle.

365) Radical vascular bundles are found in

366) Bicollateral vascular bundles are present in

367) Radical vascular bundles are the characteristic of

368) Concentric bundles are always

369) What do you mean by closed vascular bundle ?

370) What is the meaning of hadrocentric vascular bundle ?

371) Epiblema is the characteristic of

372) In dicot root vascular bundles,

373) Pith is large and well developed in

374) In which of the following characters can a monocot root be differentiated from dicot root ?

375) In a typical dicot stem,

376) The arrangement of xylem in dicot stem is

377) Monocot stem lacks

378) In dicot stem the vascular bundles are

379) In a dicot stem, the vascular bundles are

380) Monocot plant show ______ type of leaves.

381) A typical monocot leaf differs from dicot leaf by

382) Generally in monocots, the leaves are

383) The vascular bundles of leaf are

384) Carrot shows

385) Sucking root develops in

386) Sweet potato has _______ roots.

387) Raphanus sativus shows which type of root ?

388) Find the ODD one from the following .

389) Out of the following which is a total parasite ?

390) Find the INCORRECT match.

391) Consider the following.
i) Potato ii) Radish
iii)Amorphophallus iv)Onion
Which of the above roots are used as vegetables ?

392) _______ is a tunicated bulb.

393) A rhizome differs from corm in its.

394) ______ is an example of stolon.

395) Find the ODD one from the following.

396) Find the ODD one from the following.

397) Which of the following is CORRECTLY matched ?

398) Which is NOT TRUE from the following ?

399) Find the ODD one from the following.

400) Pappus calyx helps in

401) Out of the following which is NOT a correct match ?

402) Consider the following.
i) Runner ii)Cladode
iii) Rhizome iv) Offset
Among the following which of the above are subaerial stem modifications ?

403) Find the ODD type of tendril from the following.

404) Consider the following statements.
(a) In racemose inflorescence the flowers are borne in a basipetal order.
(b) In cymose inflorescence the growth is unlimited.
(c) In cymose inflorescence the order of opening of flowers is centrifugal.
Among these statements

405) Among the following which is a WRONG pair ?

406) Find the ODD one from the following.

407) Find out the pair which is NOT CORRECT.

408) Casparian strips are present in

409) A condensed, disc-like underground stem is called

410) Which of the following are not characteristic features of Fabaceae?

411) When the floral appendages are in multiple of 3, 4, 5, they are respectively called

412) The type of leaf in Daucus carota is

413) Most advanced fruit is

414) Pedicel of flower is called

415) A tree that has strong erect stem with hollow internodes and solid nodes, is known as

416) Identify the correct order (root) from base to root apex
I. Mineral absorption zone
II. Soil penetration zone
III. Cell number increasement zone
V. Cell elongation zone

417) Study the following statements and choose the correct option.
I.Buds are present in the axil of leaflets of the compound leaf.
II.Pulvinus leaf-base is present in some leguminous plants.
III.In Alstonia, the petioles expand, become green and synthesize food.
IV.Opposite phyllotaxy is seen in guava.

418) Which one of the following series includes the orders Ranales, Parietals and Malvales?

419) Which pair of the following plants represents the condition of modification of stipules into spines?

420) Amla belongs to family

421) The leaves are modified into tendrils, hook, pitcher and bladder in the following plants respectively

422) Fruits are formed in

423) Hypanthodium inflorescence is found in

424) I. Bear leaves and branches
II. Conduction of water and minerals
III. Storage of food
These are the functions of

425) Tulip belong to family

426) Which of the following is not a characteristic feature of Fabaceae?

427) Wringed petioles are characteristic of

428) The triploid number of chromosomes of the first taxon in 10 times more than the haploid number of
chromosomes of the second taxon, while the diploid number of the third taxon is six time more than the
haploid number of the fourth taxon. Which one of the following shows the ascending order of the number
of chromosomes in their respective endosperm?

429) The scutellum observed in a grain of wheat or maize is comparable to which part of the seed in other

430) Colchicum autumnale belongs to

431) Clinging roots are found in

432) Single-seeded winged fruits is called

433) The family containing mustard and its main characters are

434) Which one of the following floral characters, is shared by Ruscus and ray florets of Tridax?

435) In a flowering plant, archesporium gives rise to

436) The fruit which develops from inflorescence is called

437) Caryopsis is found in

438) If a primary root continues to grow, the type of root system will be known as

439) Largest flower is

440) Pattern of arrangement of leaves on the stem or branches is called

441) Arrangement of sepals or petals with respect to the other members of same whorl is known as

442) The reproductive unit of angiosperms is

443) The correct floral formula of chilli is

444) Velamen is found in

445) The flower shown in the adjacent diagram is

446) Sucking roots are present in the planet

447) The root system growing near the base of the radical in monocots is

448) The hardest part of drupe is

449) Cyathium and Hypanthodium inflorescence are related in having

450) The plant mentioned in question number 174 belongs to which family?

451) Geocarpic fruits are produced by

452) Tricarpellary, syncarpous, superior ovary is seen in

453) Ginger multiples vegetatively by

454) Opening of a flower and drooping of a bud are examples of

455) Pappus is present in Compositae for

456) From the options given below, find out the correct floral formula for a flower having the following
characters namely actinomorphic, bisexual, five united sepals, five united petals, stamens five and
epipetalous, bicarpellary, syncarpous with superior ovary

457) Guttation occurs through

458) Root is distinguishable from stem in

459) Monothecous anther is the characteristic of

460) Which of the following plants has haustorial roots?

461) Type of aestivation shown by Pisum is

462) Which of the following monocotyledonous seed is non-endospermic?

463) Perianth in the spikelet of jowar is represented by

464) Tulsi belongs to family

465) Placentation is the arrangement of

466) Flower is always solitary when

467) Region of root present just above the root cap is called the region of

468) Pineapple (ananas) fruit develops from a

469) The morphological nature of the organ, which helps in climbing in Cardiospermum, is

470) Which of the following is/are not characteristic features of Asteraceae?
I.Cypsela type of fruit
II.Syngenesious stamens
III.Ovary bicarpellary and superior
IV.Placentation marginal
V.Head type of inflorescence

471) When axillary buds or terminal buds of stem gets modified into woody straight and pointed structure, it is
known as

472) Drupe contains

473) Which one of the following statements is correct?

474) A plant has an androecium with monadelphous stamens, monothecous and reniform anthers. They corolla
exhibits contorted aestivation. The plant could be

475) Identify from the following plant parts, the major contributors to human food?

476) Scutellum in a caryopsis represents

477) A monocarpic plant is one, which

478) Pericarp may be or can be differentiated into

479) Fruit is

480) Flowers are zygomorphic in

481) Pneumatophores are positively

482) Leaf having completely divided lamina broken up into direct segment or leaflets is called

483) The smallest Angiospermic flower is

484) Fibrous root system originates from the base of

485) Stilt roots originate from the nodal part of

486) The inflorescence in Ocimum is

487) The leaves in Utricularia plant are modified into

488) Inflorescence is the arrangement of

489) In the flowers of a plant, the ovarian part is fused, but styles and stigmas are free. Its ovary becomes
unilocular due to breakdown of partition wall and the ovules are attached to a central axis. Identify the

490) At the two ends of the embryonical axis

491) Pneumatophores are present in

492) Cuticle is absent in

493) Identify the mismatch among the following pairs of trees and families

494) Tallest angiosperm is

495) The underground stem that has contractile roots, is

496) When gynoecium is present in the topmost position of thalamus, the flower is known as

497) Which is odd one?

498) Insectivore plants such as pitcher plant, venus fly trap have

499) Hesperidium of orange is a modification of

500) Select the correct statements.
I. From the region of elongation, some of the epidermal cells from root hairs.
II. Pneumatophores are seen in Rhizophora .
III. Adventitious roots are seen in the banyan tree.
IV. Maize and sugarcane have prop roots.

501) Which of the following statements are correct?
I.When a fruit develops from the inflorescence, it is composite.
II.Mesocarp is the edible part in apple.
III.Gynobasic style is seen in Ocimum.
IV.Hypanthodium is a special type of inflorescence found in Euphorbia species

502) Potato is a modification of

503) Non-endospermic seeds are found in

504) Respiratory roots are found in

505) Parachute mechanism of seed dispersal occurs in

506) I. Epicarp is thin
II. Mesocarp is fleshy and edible
III. Endocarp is strong hard
These are the probable features of

507) Dahlia and Asparagus posses

508) Which one of the following is correctly matched pair of a certain plant family and its one example?

509) Carthamus belongs to family

510) Aggregate fruit develops from

511) Bracts enclosing a cluster of flowers are known as

512) A fibrous root system is excellent for

513) Lateral branches with short internodes and each nodes bearing a rosette of leaves above and a tuft of roots
below is found in aquatic plants like Pistia and Eichhornia . These lateral branches are called

514) Cereals mostly belongs to the family

515) Edible part if mango is

516) Edible part of tomato is

517) In banana, which of the following part is edible?

518) Sorosis is found in

519) Ovary is half-inferior in the flowers of

520) In Amorphophallus, vegetative reproduction occurs through

521) Flowers, in which only one set of essential organ is present are said to be

522) Which one of the following conditions is seen in the roots of a plant having submerged assimilatory roots
and spongy petioles?

523) How many types of inflorescence are present in angiosperm depending on whether the apex gets
converted into a flower or continuous to grow?

524) Which one of the following families shoes both freedom and fusion in four successive whorls of the flower
from exterior in different members?

525) Which of the following pairs is not correct?

526) Haustoria are found in

527) Regions of root from the root tip to base are

528) Endosperm is consumed by developing embryo in the seed of

529) Seedless banana is

530) The bladder of Utricularia and pitchers of Nepenthes are modification of

531) The main function (s) of root is

532) Examples of drupe fruit is/are

533) The plumule and radicle are enclosed in sheath which are called

534) The reticulate venation is shown by
I. Smilax (monocot) II. Colocasia (monocot)
III. Gram (dicot)
Select the correct combination from the given options

535) Nutrition is shown by

536) Perianth is the condition in which

537) Identify the correct order of the following four zones in the root from apex to base.
I. Mineral absorption zone
II.Meristematic zone
III.Maturation zone
IV.Water absorption zone

538) Study of fruits is called

539) Fleshy fruits with stony endocarp are called

540) Which of the following plants has the floral characters like zygomorphic flower, vexillary aestivation,
diadelphous androecium and marginal placentation?

541) Leaf blade is spinous in case of

542) In floral formula, Br stands for

543) Viscum is a

544) Generally, the parallel venation is found in

545) Main axis continues to grow, the flowers are borne laterally in acropetal succession. This is a characteristic
of which type of inflorescence?

546) I. Petals
II. Usually brightly coloured
III. May be free
IV. May be fused
Features given above represents

547) Edible part of the apple is

548) Tuberous roots are found in

549) Capitulum inflorescence is found in

550) Floating roots are the characteristic feature of

551) Which of the following are floral characters of Malvaceae?

552) Inflorescence axis is called

553) Tetradynamous condition is found in

554) The photosynthetic or assimilatory roots are observed in

555) Which of the following represents the floral characters of Liliaceae?

556) Gynobasic style is the characteristic features of

557) Uniparous, biparous and multiparous systems of branching are found respectively in

558) Smallest region of the root is

559) Prop roots are the modification for

560) Which of the following has epiphytic features and aerial and flattened photosynthetic roots, without
formal organization of stem and leaves?

561) Parts of the plants were observed. Structure-A develops aerially and produces roots when comes in
contact with the soil. Structure-B develops from underground part of the stem, grow obliquely, becomes
aerial and produces roots on its lower surface. Identify, respectively the structure of A and B.

562) Trimerous flower, superior ovary and axile placentation is characteristics of

563) The capitulum type of inflorescence is found in

564) Roots are absent in

565) Primary roots and its branches constitute the

566) Two dry fruits (A & B) were observed. Both developed from unilocular ovaries of monocarpellary gynoecia. In fruit. A, pericarp and seed coat are free. It liberated the seeds only after the disintegration of
the pericarp. Fruit ‘B’ dehisced dorsiventrally librating the seeds. In the following, the former in the pair
represents ‘A’ and latter ‘B’. to which types of fruits ‘A’ and ‘B’ respectively belong?

567) In china rose, the inflorescence is

568) In which of the following aestivation of sepal’s/petals one margin covers the other and its margin is
covered by previous one?

569) Which of the following two are the resultant of stipule modifications?
I.Spines in Ziziphus.
II.Tendrils in Smilax.
III.Tendrils in Nepenthes.
IV.Spines in Argemone.
V.Thorns in Bougainvellea.

570) When stigma shows feathery appearance, it is

571) The fruit developed from the single ovary is said to be

572) Which of the following is the modification of leaf?

573) Arrangements of veins and the veinlets in the lamina of leaf is termed as

574) Aleurone layer is rich in

575) Cyathium inflorescence is found in

576) Cereals are mostly belong to family

577) Function of obturator on micropyle is to

578) Perianth is represented by

579) Radish is modified root and an example of

580) I. In dicotyledonous seeds, cotyledons are often fleshy and full of reserve food
II. Generally, monocotyledonous seeds are endospermic
III. Generally, dicotyledonous seeds are non-endospermic
IV. Most of the monocotyledonous seeds have fleshy cotyledons
Select the correct statements

581) Potato family is called

582) Epipetalous or epiphyllous condition is shown by

583) Rhizome, which grows vertically upwards are

584) The existence of two types of leaves in the same plant, is called

585) Most of the economically important fibre yielding plants belong to family

586) Spadix is an inflorescence found only in

587) Phylloclades are

588) Bright colour of petals is due to presence of

589) Gynandrous condition shows

590) The direct elongation of radicle leads to the formation of

591) I. Members of calyx are called …A… .
II. United members of calyx are called …B… .
III. Free members of calyx are called …C… .

592) Name the type of aestivation when sepals or petals in a whorl just touch one another at the margin
without overlapping

593) Pome fruit is found in

594) What type of placentation is seen in sweet pea?

595) Vessels and companion cells are characteristic of

596) Which of the following is not a character of a monocot?

597) In floral formula, ‘K’ and ‘C’ stands for

598) Drupes are called stony fruits because they have hard

599) Study the following statements.
I.Food is stored in the leaf bases.
II.Buds develop from leaf apices.
III.Presence of tunicated bulb.
Identify the correct combination with reference to Scilla.

600) Identify the wrong expression from the following statements

601) 120° phyllotaxy is found in

602) The binomial of sunnhemp is

603) In which of the following types of fruits, dorsiventral dehiscence takes place?
I. Legume
II. Follicle
III. Siliqua
IV. Capsule

604) Green stems of unlimited growth, which have taken over the function of photosynthesis is called

605) Desert grasses often roll their leaves due to presence of

606) Which of the following pairs of family’s posses pollinia?

607) In Nepenthes (pitcher plant), pitcher is the modification of

608) Rauwolfia serpentina belongs to family

609) Family-Podostemaceae is placed under the series

610) The flower, in which the gynoecium occupies the highest position on the thalamus leaving other parts below is called

611) Stem is modified into cladode in

612) A root was described as adventitious root because it

613) Commercial banana (Musa paradisica) is a

614) The leaves of Smilax and Colocasia show

615) Select the characters, which are not applicable to the family-Solanaceae?
I.Epipetalous and syngenesious anthers
II.Bicarpellary and syncarpous ovary
III.Oblique ovary with axile placentation
IV.Stamens six, arranged in two whorls
V.Bicarpellary, syncarpous and inferior ovary

616) Percentage (%) sign is used for

617) Dry indehiscent single-seeded fruit formed from bicarpellary syncarpous inferior ovary is

618) Which of the following have succulent root?

619) Modified shoots wherein the shoot apical meristem changes to floral meristem is called

620) The plant having monadelphous stamens and axile placentation is

621) Consider the following statements.
I.In racemose inflorescence, the flowers are brone in a basipetal order.
II.Epigynous flowers are seen in rose plant.
III.In brinjal, the ovary is superior.
Of these statements

622) In hypogeal seed germination, the structure help to push the cotyledon inside the soil is

623) Tendrils in plants are an example of

624) Parachute mechanism of seed dispersal is seen in

625) In which of the following, petiolar leaf tendril is found?

626) Modified underground stem is called

627) Why is vivipary an undesirable character for annul crop plants?

628) Leaves of dicotyledon plants generally exhibits

629) Multicostate parallel venation of leaf is found in

630) Simple, cluster of radial leaves, stipulate and parallel venation leaves and cyme or umbel inflorescence are
the characteristics of

631) In some seeds, reminants of nucellus are also persistent.
This residual, persistent nucellus is the

632) In which of the following, parthenocarpy makes no sense?

633) In Duranta, the nature of vasculated defensive structures represent the modification of

634) In a flower, there are five unequal petals. The posterior petal is the largest. The two anterior petals are
partially fused to form a boat-shaped structure. The two lateral petals are smaller than the posterior petal.
Which one of the following characters is not associated with such a flower?

635) In Duranta, the nature of vasculated defensive structures represent the modification of

636) Water and minerals absorption from soil are the function of

637) Gynoecium in the members of family-Leguminosae is composed of

638) Which one of the following represents the floral characters of Poaceae?

639) In a cereal grain, the single cotyledon of embryo is represented by

640) Anthesis is a phenomenon which refers to

641) Which of the following have double fertilization?

642) Identify a pair of the following plants, which show modification of axillary buds into tendrils and hooks

643) Diadelphous stamens are the characteristic features of

644) The aerial, short and branched roots of an autotrophic plant that provide stability, are known as

645) The flower of Hibiscus is

646) Gynoecium is the

647) Exstipulate leaves are present in

648) Sunflower belongs to the family

649) Ginger multiplies vegetatively by

650) Non-endospermous seed is

651) Which of the following groups of plants are propagated through underground roots?

652) Flowers and lateral branches arise from the

653) In cauliflower, the inflorescence is

654) The botanical name of soybean is

655) Empty glumes are

656) When the filaments of stamens are attached to the petals, the condition is

657) Root apex covered by thimble-like structure called

658) Fabaceae

659) Stem develops from

660) Juicy hair-like structures observed in the lemon fruit develop from

661) Which of the following represents the male reproductive organ in a flower?

662) Plants with single whorls of perianth are places under

663) Presence of persistent calyx is a feature of family

664) In cymose inflorescence

665) Liliaceae

666) In China rose, five carpels are fused at base. This condition is called

667) Endosperm is the result of

668) Ginger is an underground stem. It is distinguished from root because it

669) In which plant underground stems spread to new niches and when older parts die new plants are formed?

670) Which of the following plants have long slender and coiled stem tendrils developed from axillary buds?

671) A raceme inflorescence of Tamarindus bears 15 flowers. Each fertile anther lobe of its flower contains 215
pollen grains. What would be the total number of pollen grains produced by the inflorescence?

672) Triticale is a hybrid formed from the members belonging to the following families

673) The fleshy receptacle of syconous of fig encloses a number of

674) A student collected a hydrophyte with swollen petiole and with a single vascular bundle in the root. The
plant which he collected., was

675) Scar on the seed coat through which seeds are attached to the fruit is called

676) The condition where filaments and anthers are fused throughout entire length is

677) Which of these is an example for zygomorphic flower with imbricate aestivation?

678) Select the correctly matched pair

679) Leaves aries from which part of plant?

680) What is the type of fruit that developed from the ovary of a monocarpellate gynoecium and breaks into
several one seeded parts at maturity?

681) Whorl of small, green structures present around sunflower is

682) In which plant, the pneumatophores are found?

683) Two stamens as exception in Cruciferae are found in

684) Vivipary is seen in

685) Number of carpels is Sida cordifolia is always

686) Inflorescence of Ficus is

687) Pineapple fruit develops from

688) Mature seeds of some plant (such as gram pea and ground nut) and sperm is completely consumed by the
embryo. Such seeds are called

689) Which of the following is a correct statement?

690) Bract is a modified

691) Leaf

692) Tobacco and Petunia belong to the family

693) Which one of the following families has unicolour superior ovary?

694) Which one of the following floral formula represents the mustard plant?

695) Inflorescence of family-Compositae is

696) Angiosperms have dominated the land flora primarily because of their

697) Which one of the flowing is a monocarpic plant?

698) Stem tendrils are developed from the….. which are slender and spirally coiled

699) The anthers in Solanaceae are

700) In Selaginella, the adaxial outgrowth, from the base of leaf, is called

701) The cloves, which are used in food preparation are

702) Tetradynamous stamens are found in

703) The leaves are modified into spines in

704) Placenta is the cushion like structure on which the

705) Arrange the following plants in the ascending order based on the number of leaflets in a leaf.

706) Bicarpellary, syncarpous ovary with axile placentation is seen in

707) Which type of placentation is found in family-Fabaceae?

708) The multilocular fruit, splits in middle into two halves, is

709) Fibrous root system is mostly found in

710) Tetradynamous androecium is found in

711) A student observed 34 inflorescences in Bougainvillea and 42 inflorescences in Poinsettia. Find out the
number of flowers in Bougainvillea and the number of female flowers in Poinsettia respectively.

712) Select the wrong statement

713) Nodes are the region of stem where

714) Structure of leaf which provide channels of transport for water, minerals and food materials is called

715) Whorled type of phyllotaxy is found in

716) Plants mentioned in previous question belongs to

717) Bicarpellary, syncarpous and with pseudoseptum fruit is

718) Root hairs are present on the

719) I. When carpels are free, they are called …A… .
II. When the carpels fused, they are called …B… .
Here, A and B refers to

720) Parthenocarpic tomato fruits can be produced by

721) Petiole

722) Maize grain is

723) Free central placentation is found in

724) In a tetradynamous androecium, one of the following is seen.

725) Multicarpellary, apocarpous, gynoecium with superior ovary is characteristic feature of the family

726) The stem is the …A… part of the axis bears branches, leaves, flowers and fruits. It develops from the …B…
part of embryo of germinating seeds. Complete the given statement by choosing appropriate options for A
and B

727) Long filaments threads protruding at the end of a young cob of maize are

728) Angiosperms differ from gymnosperms in

729) Sub-aerial stem modification with long internode is

730) Flowers with bracts, (reduced leaf found at the base of pedicel) are called …A… and those without bracts,
are called …B…
Complete the given statement by choosing appropriate options for A and B

731) A drupe develop in

732) Which of the following represents the condition seen in the family-Compositae?

733) A flower which can be divided into equal vertical halves by more than one plane of division is

734) An example of a seed with endosperm, perisperm and caruncle is

735) Lomentum is a kind of

736) I. Standard petals
II. Wing petal
III. Keel petals
Above petals are found in

737) In the members of family-Malvaceae, anthers are described as

738) Cinchona officinalis belongs to family

739) A phyllode is a modified

740) Modification of petiole into leaf-like structure is called

741) Some feature of plant leaves are

742) Which of the following is a fatty oil yielding plant?

743) The order of opening of flower parts from the periphery towards the centre, is called

744) In which of the following fruits, the edible part is the aril?

745) China rose have five fused carpals at the base. This condition is called

746) Swollen leaf base is called

747) The botanical name of cabbage is

748) Jowar belongs to family

749) In plants like mint and jasmine, a selender lateral branch arises from the base of the main axis and after
growing aerially for sometimes, arch downwards to touch the ground. This slender branch is called

750) Expanded green stem of Opuntia is called

751) When leaflets are even in number they are called …A… .
When leaflets are odd in number called they are …B.. .
Here A and B refers to:

752) The difference in phloem of gymnosperms and angiosperms is due to

753) China rose is called shoeflower because

754) The fleshy fruits with hard and stony endocarp are called

755) Ruminate endosperm is found in

756) At root tip, number of divisions to produce 100 cells, is

757) Fruit formed without fertlisation of ovary is called

758) Leaf base expands into sheath covering the stem partially or wholly.
This is the characteristic of

759) The most advanced family is

760) The technical term used for the androecium in a flower of China rose (Hibiscus rosa sinensis), is

761) An inflorescence having a number of achlamydeous male flower surrounding a single achlamydeous
female flower is

762) Root hairs are found

763) Pericarp and placenta are edible part of simple fleshy berry fruit

764) Offset is a type of stem present in

765) Ginger is an example of underground modified stem called

766) The Orobanche plant is

767) Which one of the following is an example for sub-aerial modification of stem?

768) In which plant, the fruit is a drupe, seed coat is thin, embryo is inconspicuous and endosperm is edible?

769) Corolla aestivation showing two external, two internal and one partially external and internal sepals. The
condition is

770) Staminode is

771) Epigynous flowers with numerous stamens are found in

772) What is the botanical name of mulberry?

773) Which one of the following is a pseudocarp?

774) A hyaline bisexual and self-fertilized flower that does not open at all, is

775) A plant with actinomorphic and hypogynous flowers, heterochlamydeous perianth, dorsifixed and
extrorse anthers dehiscing transversely belongs to

776) Opium (poppy) is a plant belonging to the family

777) Ladies finger (bhindi) belongs to

778) Name the condition given in statement I and II
I. When stamens attached to the petals
II. When stamens attached to perianth

779) Tracheophyta consists of

780) Two plants ‘A’ and ‘B’ belonging to Solanaceae are observed. In plant ‘A’, the number of locules in the ovary
of a flower is half of that of its carpel number. In plant B, the number of locules in the ovary of a flower is
double the number of carpels. Identify the plants ‘A’ and ‘B’ respectively

781) Double fertilization occurs among

782) A flower which can be divided into two equal halves by only one plane is

783) Cyathium inflorescence shows

784) A compound leaf, which appears as simple leaf due to the suppression of one or two leaflets is found in one
of the following plants

785) Aggregate fruit is found in

786) In an inflorescence, two types of small, sessile flowers were observed. They are arranged in centripetal
manner and have reduced hair-like sepals. Which pair of the following characters are not associated with
such flowers?
I.Nectar glands at the base of the corolla
II.Axile placentation
III.Superior ovary
IV.Scaly bracts

787) It is an example of amphibious plant

788) Tap roots of carrot, turnip and adventitious roots of sweet potato are the modification for the storage of

789) Replum is found in family

790) In a plant, the peduncle is elongated and it bears pedicillate flowers. The older flowers lie towards the base
and the younger ones near the apex. The growth of the peduncle continues and more flowers are added.
The inflorescence is

791) Which one of the following statements are true?
I.If the stem is joined with solid nodes and hollow internodes, it is called caudex.
II.In Tridax, the stem is decumbent.
III.Corm is a condensed from of rhizome growing more or less in vertical direction.
IV.Sucker is an underground modification of stem.
V.Biparous type of cymose branching is seen in Saraca .

792) The arrangement of the ovules on the placentae developed from the central axis of the ovary is called

793) A simple one seeded fruit in which pericarp is fused with seed coat is

794) The endosperm is used by cotyledon, the cotyledon is

795) The leaf parts gets modified into spines in order to

796) Plants mentioned in question number 167 and 168 belongs to which plant family?

797) Wearing isolated a dormancy inducing substance from the leaves of a plant. From which type of
gynoecium does the fruit of that plant develop?

798) A horizontal underground stem is a

799) Treatment of seed at low temperature under moist conditions to break its dormancy is called

800) The lateral roots originate from

801) Potato and sweet potato

802) When flower has both and androecium and gynoecium, it is called …A…
II. When flower has either stamens or only carpel, it is called …B…
Complete the given statement by choosing appropriate options for A and B

803) One of the following is a dry indehiscent fruit

804) The characteristic type of placentation found in the members of Caryophyllaceae is

805) Edible part of cauliflower is

806) The circinate vernation is the characteristic feature of ferns. It refers to

807) The fruit is chambered, developed from inferior ovary and has seeds with succulent testa in

808) Starch is insoluble in water, yet it is accumulated in large quantities in potato tuber because

809) Small branches produced from lower 2 to 3 nodes in jowar are called

810) What is the fruit that develops from a tricarpellary, syncarpous, inferior ovary with parietal placentation?

811) The edible part in hesperidium fruit is

812) Water stomata are found in

813) Which one of the following is wrongly matched?

814) Fruit of custard apple is etaerio of

815) Which is correct to saprophytic angiosperm?

816) In cryopsis type of fruit

817) Arrange the following plants in the ascending order based on the number of carpels they possess
II.Acacia melanoxylon

818) Rarely among angiosperms, the pollen grains influenced the endosperm. This is called as

819) Colchicines producing plant belongs to family

820) Study the following and choose the correct statements.
I.Bulb of Allium cepa is a modified stem.
II.Cloves of Allium sativum are fleshy scale leaves.
III.Corm of Colocasia is a modified root.
IV.Tendril in Vitis vinifera is a modified axillary bud.

821) Stems are

822) Male reproductive organ (flower) consists of

823) A fruit developed from Hypanthodium inflorescence is called

824) I. Usually bilobed
II. Each lobe has two chambers (pollen sacs)
III. The chamber (pollen sacs) contains pollen grain
Above are the features of

825) Which one of the following is an endospermic seeds?

826) Identify the monocarpic palm

827) Seed coat has …A… layers
I. Outer covering is called …B…. .
II. Inner covering is called …C… .
Complete the given set of statements (I to III) by choosing appropriate options for A to C

828) Number of female flowers in a Cyathium inflorescence is

829) Identify the characters of gynoecium found in members of Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Liliaceae and Solanaceae,
I.Tricarpelly syncarpous, ovary superior and trilocular.
II.Bicarpellary syncarpous, ovary superior and usually bilocular
III.Bicarpellary syncarpous, ovary inferior and unilocular.
IV.Monocarpellary, ovary half-inferior and unilocular

830) Which one among the following is the true nut?

831) Thalamus of hypogynous ovary is

832) Which of the following plant parts can respire even in the absence of oxygen?

833) Aggregate fruit formed from

834) When the other floral parts are arranged at the base of the gynoecium, the flower is called

835) Green leaf-like modified aerial stems/branches with a single internode are called

836) Which one of the following is a stem vegetable?

837) Which one of the following inhibits seed germination for a particular period?

838) Jowar grain is

839) Vascular bundles are arranged in a ring in the members of family

840) Legume plants are important for atmosphere because they

841) The example for trimerous, unisexual flower is

842) Cannabis sativa is the source of

843) In the following, succulent stem is found in

844) Study the following table and choose the correct pair.
I. False whorls-like Many sessile bisexual Leonotis
inflorescence flowers
II. Single flower-like Many stalked staminate Poinsettia
inflorescence and pistillate flowers
III. Fruit-like Many sessile staminate Ficus
inflorescence flowers on the top and pistillate flowers at the
base and sterile flowers in between
IV. Fleshy axis of Many stalked staminate Colocacia flowers at the
Inflorescence Base and pistillate flowers on the top and sterile

845) Scorpioid cyme is seen in

846) Arrange the following fruits in descending order based on the number of locules in the ovary from which it
I. Carcerulus
II. Schizocarp
III. Cremocarp
IV. Regma

847) In pea, castor and maize the number of cotyledons are

848) The most common type of ovule in angiosperms is

849) Underground stems of potato, ginger, turmeric, Zaminkand, Colocasia are the examples of modified stem

850) Which of the following is a wheat fruit?

851) Multicostate parallel type of venation is found in the leaves of

852) The edible part of the sweet potato is a modified

853) The fruit of Solanaceae is

854) An example of axile placentation is

855) Scaly bulb stem modification is seen in

856) The monocotyledon seeds consist of one large and shield-shaped cotyledon known as

857) An Angiospermic plant has 24 chromosomes in ‘microspore mother cells’. The number of chromosome in
its endosperm will be

858) In angiosperms, male gametes are formed from

859) Which one of the following statements is correct with reference to Amentum?

860) In banana, pineapple and Chrysanthemum , the lateral branches originate from the basal and
underground portion of main stem and then come obliquely upward giving rise to leafy shoots
These branches are called

861) Thorn is a modified branch because

862) Lateral roots arise from

863) Which of the following promotes softening of fruits?

864) The economically important plant of Malvaceae is

865) Tetradynamous stmens are found in family

866) Diadelphous condition is found in

867) The ovary is half inferior in flowers of

868) The reticulate venation is commonly found in the leaves of

869) Pneumatophores are the roots for

870) A fruit in which seed coat and fruit wall is fused known as caryopsis present in

871) Pneumatophores are usually present in

872) Perigynous type of ovary is found in

873) Umbel inflorescence is found in

874) In drumstick, the seeds are dispersed by

875) A characteristic feature of ovary of Brassica campestris is

876) Vivipary is observed in

877) In a longitudinal section of a root, starting from the tip upward the four zones occur in the following order

878) Scientific name of sunflower is

879) Seeds posses spongy aril in

880) Which of the following statements is correct?

881) Inflorescence in jowar is

882) United sepals are called …A… .
Free sepals are called …B… .
Here, A and B refers to

883) Spadix inflorescence occurs in

884) The modified stem of Opuntia is

885) The outer covering of endosperm separates the embryo by a proteinous layer called

886) Swollen and spongy petioles are characteristic of

887) Which one of the following is a monocarpic tree?

888) A plant is considered to possess all advanced morphological characters based on the evolutionary
significance. Which one of the following sets of characters does the plant denote the same?

889) Leaf having single or undivided lamina is called

890) Identify the order of plants showing alternate, opposite and whorled phyllotaxy

891) Main difference between creepers and trailers is

892) Which one of the following is an example of cleistogamy?

893) In the monocotyledon seeds, the endosperm is separated from the embryo by a distinct layer known as

894) Arrangement of petal and sepal with respect to each other is

895) Which of the following members of family-Solanaceae is rich in source of vitamin-C?

896) Match the following pairs.
I. Polysiphonous – Floral -Simple
Pollen bectaries sieve plate
II. Angular collocyte -Monosiphonous -Synandry
III. Inserted stamens -Simple leaves -Spines
IV. Exerted stamens -Reticulate -Pepo
select the correct pair of answers, in which the former in the pair shows the set of characters presents in Cucurbita and the latter
in the pair shows the set of character absent in Acacia.

897) Which of the following statements are true/false?
I.Trimerous condition of floral whorl is characteristic of dicotyledons.
II.Adiantum is also called walking fern.
III.In gymnosperms, the vascular system consists of xylem without vessels and phloem with companion
IV.Riccia and Marchantia are liverworts.

898) Most of the petrocrops belong to family

899) Seeds are

900) Roots arising from the part of plant other than the radicle are called

901) Statement 1: Ginger has a prostrate growing rhizome.
Statement 2: Shoot growth is not effected by gravity.

902) Statement 1: In angiosperms, the conduction of water is more efficient because their xylem has vessels.
Statement 2: Conduction of water by vessels elements is an active process with energy supplied by
xylem parenchyma rich in mitochondria.

903) Statement 1: In cymose tap root system, oldest branch lies very near the growing point of the root,
while the youngest branch is farthest away from it.
Statement 2: In cymose tap root system, the primary root itself stops growing after sometime but
secondary roots carry on further growth of the root system.

904) Statement 1: An ascending taxonomic sequence of Gossypium heraceum indicates its placement in
progressively higher groups.
Statement 2: Ascending taxonomic hierarchy indicates that a taxon is treated as belonging to a number
of taxa.

905) Statement 1: In syconous type of fruit, the achenes formed are fewer than the total number of flowers
in the inflorescence from which it is formed.
Statement 2: Upper and middle flowers cannot develop into fruits.

906) Statement 1: Ginger has prostrate growing rhizome
Statement 2: Ginger has food storage material

907) Statement 1: The type of inflorescence in Sphaeranthus is cyathium.
Statement 2: In cyathium type of inflorescence, the flowers are achlamydeous

908) Statement 1: Epidermis in the dicot root is composed of cutinized cells.
Statement 2: The exodermis in the root offers protection to the inner parts in the absence of epidermis